老いの一筆

Fair is foul, and foul is fair – Macbeth Act 1 SceneⅠ・・・きれいはきたない、きたないはきれい

英語の復習   第90回裏・第91回

第90回裏

innuendo   succinct  bullethead   celandine   verdure   chaste   gross   purr   entreat   stifle


The house was just such as I had pictured it from Sherlock Holmes' succinct description, but the locality appeared to be less private than I expected.


Is not a page of Thucydides simpler? Is Persius himself more succinct or obscure? Our teachers used to apologise for teaching us Latin grammar and mathematics by telling us that they were good mental gymnastics. If education is only a matter of mental gymnastics, however, I should recommend horse-racing as an ideal study for young boys and girls. The sole objection to it is that it is so engrossing; it might absorb the whole energies of the child. The safety of Latin grammar lies in its dullness. No child is tempted by it into forgetting that there are other duties in life besides mental gymnastics. Horse-racing, on the other hand, comes into our lives with the effect of a religious conversion.
* engrossing: so interesting as to occupy one’s attention completely; absorbing


To him it was real life. It was a strange life, dark and tortured, in which men and women showed to remorseless eyes the evil that was in their hearts: a fair face concealed a depraved mind; the virtuous used virtue as a mask to hide their secret vice, the seeming-strong fainted within with their weakness; the honest were corrupt, the chaste were lewd.


Mrs Albert Forrester lived in a flat not far from the Marble Arch, which combined the advantage of a good address and a moderate rent. It had a handsome drawing–room on the street and a large bedroom for Mrs Albert Forrester, a darkish dining–room at the back, and a small poky bedroom, next door to the kitchen, for Mr Albert Forrester, who paid the rent. It was in the handsome drawing–room that Mrs Albert Forrester every Tuesday afternoon received her friends. It was a severe and chaste apartment. On the walls was a paper designed by William Morris himself, and on this, in plain black frames, mezzotints collected before mezzotints grew expensive; the furniture was of the Chippendale period, but for the roll–top desk, vaguely Louis XVI in character, at which Mrs Albert Forrester wrote her works.


She found it at last. It surely had been made for Jim and no one else. There was no other like it in any of the stores, and she had turned all of them inside out. It was a platinum fob chain simple and chaste in design, properly proclaiming its value by substance alone and not by meretricious ornamentation--as all good things should do. It was even worthy of The Watch. As soon as she saw it she knew that it must be Jim's. It was like him. Quietness and value--the description applied to both.


Who is there who, coming on the blue scabious on a hill near the sea, is not conscious of the gross failure of the human race in never having found anything but this name out of a dustbin for one of the most charming of flowers?
*scabious: (植)マツムシソウ
*dustbin: a large, usually cylindrical container for rubbish, esp one used by a household. US and Canadian names: garbage can, trash can


He also took to the humbler task of teaching the rest of us with considerable zeal, and succeeded in rousing a certain enthusiasm in us. We were, he told us, grossly ignorant — simply young barbarians; but he had penetrated beneath the thick crust that covered our minds, and was pleased to find that there were possibilities of better things; that if we would but second his efforts and throw ourselves, heart and soul, into our studies, we should eventually develop from the grub condition to that of purple-winged butterflies.
*grub: the short legless larva of certain insects, esp beetles 幼虫


All but all men have to look back upon beginnings of life deformed and discoloured by necessity, accident, wantonness. If a young man avoid the grosser pitfalls, if he keep his eye fixed steadily on what is called the main chance, if, without flagrant selfishness, he prudently subdue every interest to his own (by "interest" understanding only material good), he is putting his youth to profit, he is an exemplar and a subject of pride. I doubt whether, in our civilization, any other ideal is easy of pursuit by the youngster face to face with life. It is the only course altogether safe. Yet compare it with what might be, if men respected manhood, if human reason were at the service of human happiness.
*flagrant: 1 openly outrageous 2 obsolete burning or blazing



第91回

901  of or like an eagle
an a□□□□□□e nose

902  a small pool of water; mix (wet clay and sand) into thick paste; muddle
Every path has p□□□□e.
The backyard was p□□□□ing.

903  astonish; strike dumb with surprise
with a d□□□□□□nded expression

904  looking ill, sad, tored, anxious
a w□n smile
His w□n face suddenly flushed.

905  to cause to rise and float in the air in defiance of gravity
Tables turn, furniture dances, men are ‘l□□□□□□ed’. (SOD)

906  a wreath (of leaves, flowers, jewels, etc) for the head; string of beads for counting prayers
c□□□□□t

907  (of words, remarks) aptly chosen; appropriate
a f□□□□□□ous simile
be f□□□□□□ous in one’s expression

908  ハンノキ
a□□□r

909  outstanding; prominent; easily noticed
s□□□□□t points of a speech
Honesty is his most s□□□□□t characteristic.

910  bitter, green alcoholic drink with worm wood and other herbsアブサン:
a□□□□□□e


やみつきパジャマ

この冬の初め、パジャマを新調した。

背広やドレスに新調を使うが、パジャマに新調は普通は使わない。

革靴に使っても、スリッパに使わないのと同様だ。

しかし背広も革靴も二度と新調することのない後期高齢者の私にはパジャマは立派な新調の対象である。

ワクワクして袋を開けた。

いくつかのタグがついていた。その中の一つが、

「やみつきパジャマ」

一瞬ギョッとした。

このパジャマを着ると、寝たきり老人になるのではないかと不安になったのである。

売り手は、一度着たらもう快適で他のパジャマは着れませんよ、と言いたいのは想像できる。しかし、「やみつき」の第一義は「病み付き」である。

エクソンという外国の石油会社は、最初ENCOを社名にしようとした。それがエクソンになったのは、日本語のエンコがガソリン会社にふさわしくないと判断したためである。

それほどまでに命名には気をつけるのが企業というもの。

日本企業が「やみつき」を堂々とパジャマに付けたのは、日本語に対する日本人の鈍感の表われである。

広辞苑を開くと、確かに夢中の意味もでている。夢中は夢中でも、良くない事に使われる場合が用例となっている。

だからやみつきの第一義を知らないだけでなく、最初から意味が分かっていないのだ。

製品は起毛がよく、至極快適である。起きている間も着たままでいる。病み付き覚悟の上で。


付:広辞苑
①病みつくこと.病気のかかりはじめ。
②ある事に夢中になり、やめられなくなる状態。「賭け事が~になる」

英語の復習   第89回裏・第90回

第89回裏

subservient    broil    repair   endear   somnolent    foreshorten    privation  equity    portly    acquiesce


Next day about six o'clock I took a cab to the Rue des Moines, but dismissed it at the corner, since I preferred to walk to the hotel and look at it before I went in. It was a street of small shops subservient to the needs of poor people, and about the middle of it, on the left as I walked down, was the Hotel des Belges.


It is the very strong link that attaches the individual to the whole. And man, subservient to interests he has persuaded himself are greater than his own, makes himself a slave to his taskmaster.


Over toward Summit I expected to see the sturdy yeomanry of the village armed with scythes and pitchforks beating the countryside for the dastardly kidnappers. But what I saw was a peaceful landscape dotted with one man ploughing with a dun mule. Nobody was dragging the creek; no couriers dashed hither and yon, bringing tidings of no news to the distracted parents. There was a sylvan attitude of somnolent sleepiness pervading that section of the external outward surface of Alabama that lay exposed to my view. "Perhaps," says I to myself, "it has not yet been discovered that the wolves have borne away the tender lambkin from the fold. Heaven help the wolves!" says I, and I went down the mountain to breakfast.
* sylvan: 1 of, characteristic of, or consisting of woods or forests 2 living or located in woods or forests 3 idyllically rural or forests 4 an inhabitant of the woods, esp a spirit
*yeoman: a member of a class of small freeholders of common birth who cultivate their own land


It is a long pull to reach her--the beautiful monster, towering motionless there in the summer sea, with scarce a curling of thin smoke from the mighty lungs of her slumbering engines; and that somnolent song of our boatmen must surely have some ancient magic in it; for by the time we glide alongside I feel as if I were looking at a dream. Strange as a vision of sleep, indeed, this spectacle: the host of quaint craft hovering and trembling around that tremendous bulk; and all the long-robed, wide-sleeved multitude of the antique port--men, women, children -the grey and the young together--crawling up those mighty flanks in one ceaseless stream, like a swarming of ants. And all this with a great humming like the humming of a hive,--a sound made up of low laughter, and chattering in undertones, and subdued murmurs of amazement.
*grey: =gray


My exclamation was so startled that two or three people within earshot looked up. The dining–room was full and the waiters were hurrying to and fro. The telephone was on the cashier’s desk and a wine waiter came up with a bottle of hock and two long–stemmed glasses on a tray and gave the cashier a chit. The portly steward showing two men to a table jostled me.
*hock: 1 any several wines from the German Rhine 2 (not in technical usage) any dry white wine


Though middle–aged now and portly, she had still traces of the wonderful beauty that thirty years before had driven artists to paint so many bad portraits of her. Her eyes, large and liquid, were the eyes of Hera and her smile was affectionate and gracious.


One inn I remember, where, having to go in and out two or three times in a morning, I always found the front door blocked by the portly forms of two women, the landlady and the barmaid, who stood there chatting and surveying the street.


L'OISEAU BLEU
What is it, I have more than once asked myself, what is it that I am looking for in my walks about London? Sometimes it seems to me as if I were following a Bird, a bright Bird that sings sweetly as it floats about from one place to another. When I find myself, however, among persons of middle age and settled principles, see them moving regularly to their offices--what keeps them going? I ask myself. And I feel ashamed of myself and my Bird. There is though a Philosophic Doctrine--I studied it at College, and I know that many serious people believe it--which maintains that all men, in spite of appearances and pretensions, all live alike for Pleasure. This theory certainly brings portly, respected persons very near to me. Indeed, with a sense of low complicity, I have sometimes watched a Bishop. Was he, too, on the hunt for Pleasure, solemnly pursuing his Bird?
*l’oiseau bleu: (F) the blue bird
*complicity: 1 the fact or condition of being an accomplice, esp in a criminal act 2 a less common word for complexity



第90回

891  indirect reference (usu sth unfavorable to a person's reputation
If you throw out such i□□□□□□oes against the Minister, you'll be sued for libel.
undermine a person by i□□□□□□os

892  briefly and clearly; terse; compact
a s□□□□□□t tale
a humble and s□□□□□□t abode

893  round head; obstinate person
b□□□□□□ead

894  small, wild plant with yellow flowers; クサノオウ
c□□□□□□ne

895  (fresh green color of) growing vegetation
The v□□□□□e of spring replaced winter's white.
The v□□□□□e of the foothills gladdened my weary eyes.

896  virtuous in words, thought and deed; simple; pure
be as c□□□□e as Artemis
have a c□□□□e meal

897  (of person) repulsively fat; vulgar; coarse in mind or morals
a g□□□s girl with small eyes
a g□□□s joke

898  (of a cat) make a low, continuous vibrating sound expressing pleasure
p□□r

899  ask (sb) earnestly
I e□□□□□t this favor of you.
He e□□□□□ted help in his work.

900  give or have the feeling that breathing is diffucult; supress
They were s□□□□ed by the heat.
s□□□□e a revellion

愛・・・招き猫

我が家に居ついてからわずか3ヶ月。まるで子供の時から住んでいるような屈託の無さ。

辞書を山積みにしなくても構わないような作品の時は、自由にさせている。

(2016年6月5日)

英語の復習  第88回裏・第89回

第88回裏

imperious   explicit    nosegay    dispassionate    brook    rancor   amendment  suffuse    forlorn    efficacious


But she used him for her sport, like what he was, to trifle a leisure sentence or two with, and then to be dismissed, and she to be the Great Lady still. She touched the imperious fantastic humour of the character with nicety. Her fine spacious person filled the scene.


At first, they will not do anything; and afterwards, it is too late. The very motives that imperiously urge them to self-reflection and amendment, combine with their natural disposition to prevent it. This amounts pretty nearly to a mathematical demonstration. Ease, vanity, pleasure are the ruling passions in such cases. How will you conquer these, or wean their infatuated votaries from them? By the dread of hardship, disgrace, pain? They turn from them, and you who point them out as the alternative, with sickly disgust; and instead of a stronger effort of courage or self-denial to avert the crisis, hasten it by a wilful determination to pamper the disease in every way, and arm themselves, not with fortitude to bear or to repel the consequences, but with judicial blindness to their approach.
* wean: (usually foll by from) to cause to desert former habits, pursuits, etc


One by one, as the characters of a cryptograph become explicit, the little signs left by the furnished room's procession of guests developed a significance.
*cryptograph: cipher


There came riding on red roan steeds--or, to be more explicit, on a paint and a flea-bitten sorrel--two wooers. One was Madison Lane, and the other was the Frio Kid. But at that time they did not call him the Frio Kid, for he had not earned the honours of special nomenclature. His name was simply Johnny McRoy.
* nomenclature: the terminology used in a particular science, art, activity, etc
*wooer: one that woos; SUITOR, LOVER (WTID)


The jests of a schoolmaster are coarse, or thin. They do not tell out of school. He is under the restraint of a formal and didactive hypocrisy in company, as a clergyman is under a moral one. He can no more let his intellect loose in society, than the other can his inclinations. — He is forlorn among his coevals; his juniors cannot be his friends. “I take blame to myself,” said a sensible man of this profession, writing to a friend respecting a youth who had quitted his school abruptly, “that your nephew was not more attached to me. But persons in my situation are more to be pitied, than can well be imagined.
*coeval: 1 of or belonging to the same age or generation 2 a contemporary


Charles Lamb speaks of his holding an umbrella over a market-woman’s fruit-basket, lest her store should be spoilt by a sudden shower; and his uncovering his head to a servant-girl who was requesting him to direct her on her way. These traits are quite in keeping with many that can still be authenticated:— his carrying presents of game himself, for instance, to humble friends, who might ill have spared a shilling to a servant; and his offering a seat in his hackney-coach to some poor, forlorn, draggled beings, who were picking their way along on a rainy day.
*authenticate: 1 to establish as genuine or valid 2 to give authority or legal validity to




第89回

881  giving too much respect to; usuful as a means to a purpose
s□□□□□vi□□t shopkeepers

882  a noisy quarrel; brawl
a violent b□□□l over who was at fault

883  go to (esp go frequently, go in large numbers to)
r□□□□r to the seaside resorts for the summer

884  make dear or liked
e□□□□r oneself to everyone
an e□□□□ring smile

885  sleepy; causing sleep
a s□□□□□□nt speach

886  show (an object) by the use of perspective; abridge
f□□□sh□□□□n

887  lack of the necessaries of life; destitution
fall ill through p□□□□□□on
the p□□□□□□on of light

888  fairness; right judgment; ordinary stocks and shares
the e□□□□y of Solomon
e□□□□y of redemption or claim

889  (usu of elderly persons) stout; round and fat
He was a p□□□□y little man.

890  agree; accept silently or without protest
Her parents never a□□□□□□ce in such an unsuitable marriage.
a□□□□□□ce in an opinion

OF HUMAN BONDAGE

元旦に読み始め、一昨日の夜、ベッドの中で読み終えた。

60年前に読んだ時には、大して気にならなかった登場人物にMildredがある。

主人公Philipの愛欲の対象でしかないslutである。

モームはその彼女の描写を延々と続けている。

最初の頃は、これだけ詳しく書いているのだから、Mildredとの関係が重要な流れの一つであるに違いないと信じて読んでいたが、途中でただクドクド同じことを繰り返しているだけであることが分かり、Mildredの名前がでてきたチャプターは飛ばすようにした。

丁寧に読んでも、後に何にも残らない。Mildredとの関係は、せいぜい4~5章、20ページで十分である。

喧嘩別れは予想通りとして、やれやれこれで“クドクド”とも別れることになったと思いきや、最後の頃になって、また路上のMildredの後ろ姿(別人であったのだが)に心臓をドキンドキンさせている。

ここまで来ると、主人公がマゾヒストではないかと疑ってしまう。

それに反比例するかのようなSallyとの関係描写の少なさ。

トルストイのアンナ・カレーニナでの脇役の扱いに舌を巻いた私には、残念なことであった。

が、それを補って(余りあるとは言わないが)いるのが、さすが短編小説家、大団円である。

以下はその最終章。



CXXII


He had arranged to meet Sally on Saturday in the National Gallery. She was to come there as soon as she was released from the shop and had agreed to lunch with him. Two days had passed since he had seen her, and his exultation had not left him for a moment. It was because he rejoiced in the feeling that he had not attempted to see her. He had repeated to himself exactly what he would say to her and how he should say it. Now his impatience was unbearable. He had written to Doctor South and had in his pocket a telegram from him received that morning: "Sacking the mumpish fool. When will you come?" Philip walked along Parliament Street. It was a fine day, and there was a bright, frosty sun which made the light dance in the street. It was crowded. There was a tenuous mist in the distance, and it softened exquisitely the noble lines of the buildings. He crossed Trafalgar Square. Suddenly his heart gave a sort of twist in his body; he saw a woman in front of him who he thought was Mildred. She had the same figure, and she walked with that slight dragging of the feet which was so characteristic of her. Without thinking, but with a beating heart, he hurried till he came alongside, and then, when the woman turned, he saw it was someone unknown to him. It was the face of a much older person, with a lined, yellow skin. He slackened his pace. He was infinitely relieved, but it was not only relief that he felt; it was disappointment too; he was seized with horror of himself. Would he never be free from that passion? At the bottom of his heart, notwithstanding everything, he felt that a strange, desperate thirst for that vile woman would always linger. That love had caused him so much suffering that he knew he would never, never quite be free of it. Only death could finally assuage his desire.

But he wrenched the pang from his heart. He thought of Sally, with her kind blue eyes; and his lips unconsciously formed themselves into a smile. He walked up the steps of the National Gallery and sat down in the first room, so that he should see her the moment she came in. It always comforted him to get among pictures. He looked at none in particular, but allowed the magnificence of their colour, the beauty of their lines, to work upon his soul. His imagination was busy with Sally. It would be pleasant to take her away from that London in which she seemed an unusual figure, like a cornflower in a shop among orchids and azaleas; he had learned in the Kentish hop-field that she did not belong to the town; and he was sure that she would blossom under the soft skies of Dorset to a rarer beauty. She came in, and he got up to meet her. She was in black, with white cuffs at her wrists and a lawn collar round her neck. They shook hands.

"Have you been waiting long?"

"No. Ten minutes. Are you hungry?"

"Not very."

"Let's sit here for a bit, shall we?"

"If you like."

They sat quietly, side by side, without speaking. Philip enjoyed having her near him. He was warmed by her radiant health. A glow of life seemed like an aureole to shine about her.

"Well, how have you been?" he said at last, with a little smile.

"Oh, it's all right. It was a false alarm."

"Was it?"

"Aren't you glad?"

An extraordinary sensation filled him. He had felt certain that Sally's suspicion was well-founded; it had never occurred to him for an instant that there was a possibility of error. All his plans were suddenly overthrown, and the existence, so elaborately pictured, was no more than a dream which would never be realised. He was free once more. Free! He need give up none of his projects, and life still was in his hands for him to do what he liked with. He felt no exhilaration, but only dismay. His heart sank. The future stretched out before him in desolate emptiness. It was as though he had sailed for many years over a great waste of waters, with peril and privation, and at last had come upon a fair haven, but as he was about to enter, some contrary wind had arisen and drove him out again into the open sea; and because he had let his mind dwell on these soft meads and pleasant woods of the land, the vast deserts of the ocean filled him with anguish. He could not confront again the loneliness and the tempest. Sally looked at him with her clear eyes.

"Aren't you glad?" she asked again. "I thought you'd be as pleased as Punch."

He met her gaze haggardly. "I'm not sure," he muttered.

"You are funny. Most men would."

He realised that he had deceived himself; it was no self-sacrifice that had driven him to think of marrying, but the desire for a wife and a home and love; and now that it all seemed to slip through his fingers he was seized with despair. He wanted all that more than anything in the world. What did he care for Spain and its cities, Cordova, Toledo, Leon; what to him were the pagodas of Burmah and the lagoons of South Sea Islands? America was here and now. It seemed to him that all his life he had followed the ideals that other people, by their words or their writings, had instilled into him, and never the desires of his own heart. Always his course had been swayed by what he thought he should do and never by what he wanted with his whole soul to do. He put all that aside now with a gesture of impatience. He had lived always in the future, and the present always, always had slipped through his fingers. His ideals? He thought of his desire to make a design, intricate and beautiful, out of the myriad, meaningless facts of life: had he not seen also that the simplest pattern, that in which a man was born, worked, married, had children, and died, was likewise the most perfect? It might be that to surrender to happiness was to accept defeat, but it was a defeat better than many victories.

He glanced quickly at Sally, he wondered what she was thinking, and then looked away again.

"I was going to ask you to marry me," he said.

"I thought p'raps you might, but I shouldn't have liked to stand in your way."

"You wouldn't have done that."

"How about your travels, Spain and all that?"

"How d'you know I want to travel?"

"I ought to know something about it. I've heard you and Dad talk about it till you were blue in the face."

"I don't care a damn about all that." He paused for an instant and then spoke in a low, hoarse whisper. "I don't want to leave you! I can't leave you."

She did not answer. He could not tell what she thought.

"I wonder if you'll marry me, Sally."

She did not move and there was no flicker of emotion on her face, but she did not look at him when she answered.

"If you like."

"Don't you want to?"

"Oh, of course I'd like to have a house of my own, and it's about time I was settling down."

He smiled a little. He knew her pretty well by now, and her manner did not surprise him.

"But don't you want to marry ME?"

"There's no one else I would marry."

"Then that settles it."

"Mother and Dad will be surprised, won't they?"

"I'm so happy."

"I want my lunch," she said.

"Dear!"

He smiled and took her hand and pressed it. They got up and walked out of the gallery. They stood for a moment at the balustrade and looked at Trafalgar Square. Cabs and omnibuses hurried to and fro, and crowds passed, hastening in every direction, and the sun was shining.
     (Of Human Bondage by W. Somerset Maugham)






原っぱ書斎

ここは真夏でも昼間なら蚊が来ない。

メリーのエサやりを兼ねて2時間ほどここで過ごす。(本人は別に私からエサを貰っているとは思っていない。だから正しくはエサ喰い)

辞書を引かなければ困るような作品は持ってこない。

蚊も来なければ、人も来ない。

街中なら軽犯罪法が適用される格好で過ごす。

私の躰には日に焼けた部分と布に覆われた部分の境がない。

松島航空基地から飛んでくるジェット練習機のパイロットは、ダビデが昼寝していると錯覚するのではないか。


s-原っぱ書斎

英語の復習   第87回裏・第88回

第87回裏

pit-a-pat   gull   repartee   acquit   temerity   numb   inadvertent   oaf   furtive   acrimonious


Often have I wondered at the temerity of my father, who, in spite of an habitual general respect which we all in common manifested towards him, would venture now and then to stand up against him in some argument, touching their youthful days.


Akira has hired two jinricksha for our pilgrimage; a speckless azure sky arches the world; and the land lies glorified in a joy of sunshine. And yet a sense of melancholy, of desolation unspeakable, weighs upon me as we roll along the bank of the tiny stream, between the mouldering lines of wretched little homes with grass growing on their roofs. For this mouldering hamlet represents all that remains of the million-peopled streets of Yoritomo's capital, the mighty city of the Shogunate, the ancient seat of feudal power, whither came the envoys of Kublai Khan demanding tribute, to lose their heads for their temerity. And only some of the unnumbered temples of the once magnificent city now remain, saved from the conflagrations of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, doubtless because built in high places, or because isolated from the maze of burning streets by vast courts and groves. Here still dwell the ancient gods in the great silence of their decaying temples, without worshippers, without revenues, surrounded by desolations of rice-fields, where the chanting of frogs replaces the sea-like murmur of the city that was and is not.
*conflagration: a large destructive fire


But, as it chanceth often that those, who have the most experience of things profound, are the soonest snared of love, even so it befell this Rinieri; for, having one day repaired, by way of diversion, to an entertainment, there presented herself before his eyes the aforesaid Elena, clad all in black, as our widows go, and full, to his judgment, of such beauty and pleasantness as himseemed he had never beheld in any other woman; and in his heart he deemed that he might call himself blest whom God should vouchsafe to hold her naked in his arms. Then, furtively considering her once and again and knowing that great things and precious were not to be acquired without travail, he altogether determined in himself to devote all his pains and all his diligence to the pleasing her, to the end that thereby he might gain her love and so avail to have his fill of her.
* travail: painful or excessive labour or exertion


But R. had no notion what kind of man Caypor was, he had lived his shabby, furtive life obscurely, and the only photograph that existed of him was one taken for a passport. Ashenden’s instructions were to get acquainted with Caypor and see whether there was any chance that he would work honestly for the British: if he thought there was, he was entitled to sound him and if his suggestions were met with favour to make certain propositions. It was a task that needed tact and a knowledge of men. If on the other hand Ashenden came to the conclusion that Caypor could not be bought, he was to watch and report his movements. The information he had obtained from Gustav was vague, but important; there was only one point in it that was interesting, and this was that the head of the German Intelligence Department in Berne was growing restive at Caypor’s lack of activity.


In the morning you may find there a couple of planters who have come in from their estates on business and are drinking a gin–sling before starting back again; and latish in the afternoon a lady or two may perhaps be seen looking with a furtive air through old numbers of the Illustrated London News. At nightfall a few men saunter in and sit about the billiard–room watching the play and drinking sukas.
*latish: rather late


The possibility that he could be mistaken never occurred to him. He was the chap who knew. We sat at the doctor’s table. Mr Kelada would certainly have had it all his own way, for the doctor was lazy and I was frigidly indifferent, except for a man called Ramsay who sat there also. He was as dogmatic as Mr Kelada and resented bitterly the Levantine’s cocksureness. The discussions they had were acrimonious and interminable.
*cocksure: overconfident; arrogant


Now it was not long before the happy news spread here and there that at a reasonable distance from New York was a country, the capital of which had an equable climate and tolerable accommodation, where a woman could release herself, expeditiously and with economy, from the irksome bonds of matrimony. The fact that the operation could be performed without the husband’s knowledge saved her from those preliminary and acrimonious discussions that are so wearing to the nerves. Every woman knows that however much a man may argue about a proposition he will generally accept a fact with resignation. Tell him you want a Rolls–Royce and he will say he can’t afford it, but buy it and he will sign his cheque like a lamb. So in a very short time beautiful women in considerable numbers began to come down to the pleasant, sunny town; tired business women and women of fashion, women of pleasure and women of leisure; they came from New York, Chicago, and San Francisco, they came from Georgia and they came from Dakota, they came from all the states in the Union.


‘How can I talk when your attention is taken up by whether you are going to get a black seven to put on a red eight? Conversation calls forth the highest powers of the intellect and if you have made a study of it you have the right to expect that the person you’re talking to will give you the fullest attention he is capable of.’
He did not say this acrimoniously, but with the good–humoured patience of a man who has been much tried. He was just stating a plain fact and Ashenden could take it or leave it. It was the claim of the artist to have his work taken seriously.
*try: (tr; often passive) to give pain, affliction, or vexation




第88回

871  commanding; haughty; arrogant
i□□□□□□us gestures

872  clearly and fully expressed; definite
an e□□□□□□t instruction
He was quite e□□□□□□t about the matter.

873  bunch of cut (esp sweet-scented) flowers; banquet
n□□□□□y

874  free from passion; not taking sides, not showing favor
a d□□□□□sion□□e critic

875  put up with; tolerate
He cannot b□□□k interference.

876  deep and long-lasting feeling of bitterness; spitefulness
full of r□□□□r (against sb)
the gratification of private r□□□□r

877  change proposed or made (to a rule, regulation, etc)
I'm hoping to see some a□□□□□□nt in him.
make (or bring forward, propose) an a□□□□□□nt to a bill

878  spread slowly over the surface of
eyes s□□□□□ed with tears
the evening sky s□□□□□ed with crimson

879  uncared for; forsaken
He is beginning to look more f□□□□□n.
a man f□□□□□n of his friends

880  producing the desired result
an e□□□ca□□□□s cure for disease

安定して12勝の大関と安定して3敗の横綱

横綱という門構えの敷居がとてつもなく低くなって、背中に日本人の御旗を担げば誰でも横綱になれる状況にあった。

それがつまらぬ愛国心の群衆の望む所だったのかNHKを頭にするマスコミの煽りだったのか、たぶんその両方だったのだろう。

それはそれ。日本人横綱が19年振りに誕生した。

3人の横綱が、節句の豆なみに金星をばら撒いて涼しい顔をしているのだから、稀勢の里が横綱になっても驚くに値しない。

所詮NHK好みの見世物なのだ。

稀勢の里は31歳。気力で体力の衰えを補うには遅すぎる。

横綱審議会とかいう御用商人たちが一片の異論もでないまま、彼の安定した成績を評価して横綱に決めた。

毎場所、12勝、13勝の成績、これをかれらは安定と称し、賞した。

滑稽である。

彼は毎場所、2敗、3敗を繰り返しているのである。全勝はゼロ回、1敗の連続場所もゼロ回。安定して、2敗、3敗を繰り返してきたのである。

大関の地位にいれば、勝ち数をもって安定していると褒めていい。会社で言えば専務のようなもの。実務のエキスパートのポストである。

横綱は違う。

土俵に上がる以上、常に優勝することが求められる。優勝の見込みが消えた翌日から休場するのは、そのためである。

稀勢の里のこれからは坂を下るばかり。若い元気な力士に追われるばかり。

横綱審議会は稀勢の里を褒め殺しにした。

NHKの不人気を日本人力士誕生で挽回せんがためである。

収入面でどれほどの違いがあるのか知らないが、彼は大関、常に安定した星を続けた大関として名を残すべきであった。

バタバタ下位力士に負ける横綱は、今の3人で十分だ。

日本の伝統を重んじる私の意見である。

付: 横綱は相撲界の総大将(看板娘)。華がなければいけません。千代の富士、大鵬、若乃花、朝青龍、持っていました。







英語の復習   第86回裏・第87回

第86回裏

trespass    venomous    afoot    blowsy(blowzy)   palpitate   artful   ineffable    physique    savant    legion


Munro was occupied in research work that made it difficult for him to be away from home for several weeks at a time, and Darya had always refused to accompany him. She had an unreasoning fear of the jungle. She was terrified of wild beasts, snakes, and venomous insects. Though Munro had told her over and over again that no animal hurt you unless you molested or frightened it, she could not get over her instinctive horror.


"The story goes," he would say, quoting Mrs. Clark Nuttall's admirable work, _Wild Flowers as They Grow_, "that the Roman soldiers brought the most venomous of the stinging nettles to England to flagellate themselves with when they were benumbed with the cold of this—to them--terribly inclement isle. It is certain," he would add from the same source, "that physicians at one time employed nettles to sting paralysed limbs into vigour again, also to cure rheumatism. In view of all this," he would ask, "does it not follow either that the nettle is not a weed or that your definition of a weed is mistaken?"
*flagellate: to whip


Not long ago, I awoke one morning and suddenly thought of the Correspondence between Goethe and Schiller; and so impatient did I become to open the book that I got up an hour earlier than usual. A book worth rising for; much better worth than old Burton, who pulled Johnson out of bed. A book which helps one to forget the idle or venomous chatter going on everywhere about us, and bids us cherish hope for a world "which has such people in't."


Moreover, after eating, he caused clothe him sumptuously, as befitted his quality, and giving him money and a palfrey, left it to his own choice to go or stay; whereupon Primasso, well pleased with his entertainment, rendered him the best thanks in his power and returned on horseback to Paris, whence he had set out afoot.


Wherefore he fell to passing continually before her house, now afoot and now on horseback, as the occasion served him, insomuch that she and many other ladies got wind of the cause of his constant passings to and fro and oftentimes made merry among themselves to see a man thus ripe of years and wit in love, as if they deemed that that most pleasant passion of love took root and flourished only in the silly minds of the young and not otherwhere.


It was curious that Holzminden should have come to the hotel that day; and why had Prince Ali and the pasha, those wild gamblers, wasted an evening in playing contract–bridge with him? It might be that some new plan was in question, it might be that the very greatest affairs were afoot, and perhaps what the old woman had to say might make all the difference in the world. It might mean defeat or victory. It might mean anything. And there she lay powerless to speak. For a long time Ashenden stared at her in silence.
‘Has it got anything to do with the war, Miss King?’ he said on a sudden, loudly.


They were sweet in their kimonos, with the shining black hair artfully dressed; they were small and plump, with round faces and laughing eyes. They bowed low as they came in and with good manners murmured polite greetings. Their speech sounded like the twittering of birds.
*plump: well filled out or rounded; fleshy or chubby


Trying doors as he went, twirling his club with many intricate and artful movements, turning now and then to cast his watchful eye adown the pacific thoroughfare, the officer, with his stalwart form and slight swagger, made a fine picture of a guardian of the peace. The vicinity was one that kept early hours. Now and then you might see the lights of a cigar store or of an all-night lunch counter; but the majority of the doors belonged to business places that had long since been closed.
* stalwart: strong and sturdy; robust


How much more easy and comfortable was it to fall back upon the ideas of all and sundry? One cannot help being a little conscience-stricken sometimes when one thinks differently from others. That is why society holds together; conscience is its most efficient policeman. But when one shares common opinions, the whole authority of civilisation backs one up, and the reward is an ineffable self-complacency. It is the easiest thing possible to wallow in the prejudices of all the world, and the most eminently satisfactory. For nineteen hundred years we have learnt that the body is shameful, a pitfall and a snare to the soul. It is to be hoped we have one, for our bodies, since we began worrying about our souls, leave much to be desired. The common idea is that the flesh is beastly, the spirit divine; and it sounds reasonable enough. If it means little, one need not care, for the world has turned eternally to one senseless formula after another.


Stroeve was trying to express a feeling which he had never known before, and he did not know how to put it into common terms. He was like the mystic seeking to describe the ineffable. But one fact he made clear to me; people talk of beauty lightly, and having no feeling for words, they use that one carelessly, so that it loses its force; and the thing it stands for, sharing its name with a hundred trivial objects, is deprived of dignity.



第87回

861  with quick beating, with the sound of light, quick taps or steps
Her heart beat p□t-a-p□t with excitement.
the p□t-a-p□t of hail on a roof

862  cheat; deceive
g□□l a fool out of his money
g□□l a person into going

863  witty, clever retort; the making of such retorts
He's good at r□□□□□□e.

864  give a legal decision that (sb) is not guilty
The jury a□□□□tted her even though she was guilty.
be a□□□□tted of the charge of theft

865  rashness; boldness
He had the t□□□□□□y to apply for the position a second time.

866  without ability to feel or move;
fingers n□□b with cold
They were n□□b with what they had seen and the tears had dried in them.

867  not paying or showing proper attention; unintentional
his i□□□vert□□t temper
The great charm of this novel is its i□□□vert□□t humor.

868  awkward lout; simpleton
o□f

869  done secretly so as not to attract attention
a f□□□□□e glance
be f□□□□□e in one's movements

870  (of arguments, quarrels, words) bitter
an a□□□mo□□□□s answer
an a□□□mo□□□□s dispute

英語の復習  第85回裏・第86回

第85回裏

digress     redress    acquaint    sibling    hoard    fob    stringent   affinity    sprain   assign


I wish I could feel it reasonable to tell here the story of the hermit I went to see on an island in the Torres Straits, a shipwrecked mariner who had lived there alone for thirty years, but when you are writing a book you are imprisoned by the four walls of your subject and though for the entertainment of my own digressing mind I set it down now I should be forced in the end, by my sense of what is fit to go between two covers and what is not, to cut it out. Anyhow, the long and short of it is that notwithstanding his long and intimate communion with nature and his thoughts the man was as dull, insensitive, and vulgar an oaf at the end of this experience as he must have been at the beginning.


Let us continue with a moral digression. To see a family reading the Sunday paper gratifies. The sections have been separated. Papa is earnestly scanning the page that pictures the young lady exercising before an open window, and bending--but there, there! Mamma is interested in trying to guess the missing letters in the word N_w Yo_k. The oldest girls are eagerly perusing the financial reports, for a certain young man remarked last Sunday night that he had taken a flyer in Q., X. & Z. Willie, the eighteen-year-old son, who attends the New York public school, is absorbed in the weekly article describing how to make over an old skirt, for he hopes to take a prize in sewing on graduation day.
* flyer: =flier chiefly US a speculative business transaction


Will it be thought a digression (it may spare some unwelcome comparisons), if I endeavour to account for the dissatisfaction which I have heard so many persons confess to have felt (as I did myself feel in part on this occasion), at the sight of the sea for the first time? I think the reason usually given — referring to the incapacity of actual objects for satisfying our preconceptions of them — scarcely goes deep enough into the question. Let the same person see a lion, an elephant, a mountain, for the first time in his life, and he shall perhaps feel himself a little mortified. The things do not fill up that space, which the idea of them seemed to take up in his mind.


I was hoping to see the Bon-odori at Hamamura, but I am disappointed. At all the villages the police have prohibited the dance. Fear of cholera has resulted in stringent sanitary regulations. In Hamamura the people have been ordered to use no water for drinking, cooking, or washing,except the hot water of their own volcanic springs.



第86回

851  go on to a privately owned land without right or permission
t□□□□□□s upon sb's private property
make a t□□□□□□s on a person's time□privacy

852  deadly; spiteful
v□□□□□□s snakes/criticism
a v□□□□□□s tangue

853  in progress or operation; (old use) walking
There's mischief a□□□t.

854  unkempt; (usu of woman) red-faced, dirty-looking and untidily ressed;
b□□□□y hair

855  beat rapidly and irregularly
His heart p□□□□□□ted wildly.
p□□□□□□te with pleasure

856  cunning, deceitful
a□□□□l schemes
an a□□□□l choice of metaphors and similes

857  too great to be described in words
i□□□□□□le joy/grief
the i□□□□□□le name of the deity

858  structure and development of the body
a girl of slender p□□□□□□e
She felt disconfort and gloom in all her p□□□□□□e.

859  person of great learning; man of profound or extensive learning
s□□□□t

860  division of several thousand men in the armies of ancient Rome; great number
Their numbers are l□□□□n.
L□□□□ns of tourists swarm into Asia.

室内書斎

池袋の東急ハンズで購入した2メートル幅の一枚板がデスク。一度に数冊の辞書を開くことが常だから、幅広でなければならなかった。30年以上使っているがびくともしない。

椅子は去年の暮れに買い換えたもの。

今の私の生活は歳相応にsedentary。

室内書斎

英語の復習   第84回裏・第85回

第84回裏

mimicry    satirize    delusion    ledge    cavalry    swagger    legerdemain    emaciate    hawk    snook


Mr. Arnold Bennett is reported to have said that if Balzac had seen Pittsburgh, he would have cried: "Give me a pen!" The truth is, the whole country is crying out for those who will record it, satirize it, chant it. As literary material, it is virgin land, ancient as life and fresh as a wilderness. American literature is one occupation which is not over-crowded, in which, indeed, there is all too little competition for the new-comer to meet. There are signs that some earnest young writers are discovering the fertility of a soil that has scarcely been scratched.


‘Virtue be damned. A virtue that only causes havoc and unhappiness is worth nothing. You can call it virtue if you like. I call it cowardice.’
‘The thought of being unfaithful to Charlie while she was living with him revolted her. There are women like that, you know.’
‘Good gracious, she could have remained faithful to him in spirit while she was being unfaithful to him in the flesh. That is a feat of legerdemain that women find it easy to accomplish.’
‘What an odious cynic you are.’


He was a surgeon on the staff of St Luke's, and had come ostensibly to study the methods of the French operators; but his real object was certainly to see Margaret Dauncey. He was furnished with introductions from London surgeons of repute, and had already spent a morning at the Hôtel Dieu, where the operator, warned that his visitor was a bold and skilful surgeon, whose reputation in England was already considerable, had sought to dazzle him by feats that savoured almost of legerdemain. Though the hint of charlatanry in the Frenchman's methods had not escaped Arthur Burdon's shrewd eyes, the audacious sureness of his hand had excited his enthusiasm. During luncheon he talked of nothing else, and Dr Porhoët, drawing upon his memory, recounted the more extraordinary operations that he had witnessed in Egypt.
* charlatan: someone who professes knowledge or expertise, esp in medicine, that he or she does not have; quack


His father and Mary and Mrs. Parsons looked at one another almost with surprise, hardly daring to believe that they had saved him. They had suffered so much, all three of them, that they hesitated to trust their good fortune, superstitiously fearing that if they congratulated themselves too soon, some dreadful thing would happen to plunge back their beloved into deadly danger. But at last he was able to get up, to sit in the garden, now luxuriant with the ripe foliage of August; and they felt the load of anxiety gradually lift itself from their shoulders. They ventured again to laugh, and to talk of little trivial things, and of the future. They no longer had that panic terror when they looked at him, pale and weak and emaciated.


Was it to show the proud remains of herself to those who remembered or had often heard what she was--her skin like shrivelled alabaster, her emaciated features chiselled by Nature's finest hand, her eyes that, when a smile lighted them up, still shone like diamonds, the vermilion hues that still bloomed among wrinkles? Was it to talk of bone-lace, of the flounces and brocades of the last century, of race-balls in the year '62, and of the scores of lovers that had died at her feet, and to set whole counties in a flame again, only with a dream of faded beauty?
*vermilion: a bright red to reddish-orange colour
*flounce: an ornamental gathered ruffle sewn to a garment by its top edge
*brocade: a rich fabric woven with a raised design, often using gold or silver threads
*race-ball: (英)競馬開催に付随して行われる舞踏会



第85回

841   turn or wander away (from the main subject)
I will at this point d□□□□□s briefly into that topic.

842   set (a wrong) right again; make up for
You should confess and r□□□□□s your errors.
an injury beyond (or past) r□□□□□s

843   make familiar with
I am not a□□□□□□ted with the lady.
a□□□□□□t the mayor with our plan

844   one of two or more persons having the same parents; brother or sister
s□□□□□g rivalry

845   carefully saved and guarded store of money, food or other treasured subjects
a squirrel's h□□□d of nuts
h□□□d food during a shortage

846  get a person to accept sth of little or no value by deceit or trickery; cheat, deceive
He tried to f□b off an inferior brand on us.
She f□bbed us off with false promises.

847   (of rules) strict, severe; that must be obeyed; convincing
a s□□□□□□□t rule against smoking
s□□□□□□□t arguments

848   close connection, structural resemblance; relationship
a recognizable stylistic a□□□□□□y between the extremes
have an a□□□□□□y for children

849   by twisting violently so that there is pain and swelling
have a severe s□□□□n to one's ancle

850   give for use or enjoyment, or as a share or part in a
distribution
Your teacher a□□□□ns you work to be done at home.

真冬に真夏を懐かしむ(2) 海水浴

去年の夏は、数えてみたら19回海水浴場行っていた。

自宅から車で3分。3.11で沈下して半分になっても、まだ白浜は残っている。

人混みが嫌いで、一昨年までは、お盆が過ぎるまで自宅待機していた。そして、9月の終わりまで泳いだ。10回くらいだろう。

親しかった仲間が次々と去っていくのを見るにつけ、呑気に構えていられなくなった。

その結果が19回。

半分は2017年夏の先取り分である。 



真冬に真夏を懐かしむ(1) 前景

今では当たり前になっているが、冬にビールを飲むのは最高の贅沢とされていた時代があった。

今朝8時、室温0度。この冬では2回目である。

廊下から見える前景も風に波打つ竹だけになってしまった。

この写真は壁紙のローテーションの1枚である。

私の冬の麦酒である。



英語の復習   第83回裏・第84回 

第83回裏

surplice     quell     impervious     ovation     grandiloquent     oodle    eligible    promontory     advocate    juncture  


It is astonishing how soon a fellow without education will learn to cheat. He is impervious to any ray of liberal knowledge; his understanding is Not pierceable by power of any star-- but it is porous to all sorts of tricks, chicanery, stratagems, and knavery, by which anything is to be got. Mrs. Peachum, indeed, says, that to succeed at the gaming-table, the candidate should have the education of a nobleman. I do not know how far this example contradicts my theory. I think it is a rule that men in business should not be taught other things. Any one will be almost sure to make money who has no other idea in his head. A college education, or intense study of abstract truth, will not enable a man to drive a bargain, to overreach another, or even to guard himself from being overreached. As Shakespear says, that 'to have a good face is the effect of study, but reading and writing come by nature'; so it might be argued, that to be a knave is the gift of fortune, but to play the fool to advantage it is necessary to be a learned man. The best politicians are not those who are deeply grounded in mathematical or in ethical science.
*chicanery: 1 verbal deception or trickery, esp in legal quibbling; dishonest or sharp practice 2 a trick, deception, or quibble
*porous: permeable to water, air, or other fluids


‘Was it a joke?’ smiled Mackintosh. ‘I didn’t know.’
‘Scots wha hae!’ shouted Walker, with a bellow of laughter. ‘There’s only one way to make a Scotchman see a joke and that’s by a surgical operation.’
Walker little knew that there was nothing Mackintosh could stand less than chaff. He would wake in the night, the breathless night of the rainy season, and brood sullenly over the gibe that Walker had uttered carelessly days before. It rankled. His heart swelled with rage, and he pictured to himself ways in which he might get even with the bully. He had tried answering him, but Walker had a gift of repartee, coarse and obvious, which gave him an advantage. The dullness of his intellect made him impervious to a delicate shaft. His self–satisfaction made it impossible to wound him. His loud voice, his bellow of laughter, were weapons against which Mackintosh had nothing to counter, and he learned that the wisest thing was never to betray his irritation. He learned to control himself. But his hatred grew till it was a monomania. He watched Walker with an insane vigilance. He fed his own self–esteem by every instance of meanness on Walker’s part, by every exhibition of childish vanity, of cunning, and of vulgarity.
*bellow: a loud deep sound, as of pain or anger
* monomania: an excessive mental preoccupation with one thing, idea, etc


Even the blackbird is not too common here this year, but then a country gardener regards a blackbird as a Turk regards an Armenian. I wish thrushes and blackbirds could read, so that one could put up a notice offering them sanctuary even at the expense of one's gooseberries and strawberries. Strange that a strawberry should appear more delightful to anyone than the song of a blackbird! I know, I may say, the feeling of helpless rage that wells up in the human breast at the sight of a blackbird stealing one's strawberries. Thank God, I am not impervious to moral indignation. If shouting "Stop thief!" could save the strawberries, my voice would be for saving them. But I do not believe in capital punishment for petty theft, and, anyhow, if I must lose either a song or a strawberry, I had rather lose the strawberry.


Susie went to the shelves to which he vaguely waved, and looked with a peculiar excitement at the mysterious array. She ran her eyes along the names. It seemed to her that she was entering upon an unknown region of romance. She felt like an adventurous princess who rode on her palfrey into a forest of great bare trees and mystic silences, where wan, unearthly shapes pressed upon her way.
'I thought once of writing a life of that fantastic and grandiloquent creature, Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Paracelsus Bombast von Hohenheim,' said Dr Porhoët, 'and I have collected many of his books.'
He took down a slim volume in duodecimo, printed in the seventeenth century, with queer plates, on which were all manner of cabbalistic signs. The pages had a peculiar, musty odour. They were stained with iron-mould.
* palfrey: archaic a light saddle horse, esp ridden by women
*duodecimo: a book size resulting from folding a sheet of paper into twelve leaves; 四六判
*cabbala: a variant spelling of kabbalah: 1 an ancient Jewish mystical tradition based on esoteric interpretation of the Old Testament 2 any secret or occult doctorine or science


It turned out that he played football admirably, and except for his rather scornful indolence he might easily have got his blue. He sneered at the popular enthusiasm for games, and was used to say that cricket was all very well for boys but not fit for the pastime of men. (He was then eighteen!) He talked grandiloquently of big-game shooting and of mountain climbing as sports which demanded courage and self-reliance.


F. was the most gentlemanly of oilmen; grandiloquent, yet courteous. His delivery of the commonest matters of fact was Ciceronian. He had two Latin words almost constantly in his mouth (how odd sounds Latin from an oilman’s lips!), which my better knowledge since has enabled me to correct. In strict pronunciation they should have been sounded vice versâ— but in those young years they impressed me with more awe than they would now do, read aright from Seneca or Varro — in his own peculiar pronunciation, monosyllabically elaborated, or Anglicized, into something like verse verse. By an imposing manner, and the help of these distorted syllables, he climbed (but that was little) to the highest parochial honours which St. Andrew’s has to bestow.
* parochial: 1 narrow in outlook or scope; provincial 2 of or relating to a parish or parishes



第84回

831  1 the act or art of copying or imitating closely; mimicking 2 the resemblance shown by one animal species, esp an insect, to another, which protects it from predators
the sportive m□□□□□ies of monkeys
protective m□□□□□y

832   attack with satir(s); describe satirically
What did the author s□□□□□□e in this novel?

833   false opinion or belief, esp one that may be a symptom or madness
to be under a d□□□□□□n
to suffer from d□□□□□□ns

834   narrow horizontal shelf coming out from a wall, cliff or other upright surface
under an overhanging l□□□e of rock
a window l□□□e

835   soldiers who fight on horseback
c□□□□□y officer
heavy (light) c□□□□□y

836   walk or behave in a self-important or self-satisfied manner
the s□□□□□ring officer type
s□□□□□r about one's jewels

837   juggling; quick and clever performance of tricks
the professors of l□□□□de□□□n at our village fairs
a mere l□□□□de□□□n of words

838   make thin or weak (usu passive)
e□□□□□□ed by long illness
Her sickness e□□□□□□ed her.

839   offer (goods) for sale, by going from house to house, street to street, etc; peddle; spread
h□□k books in the street
h□□k rumors about

840   placing the thumb to the nose
a painter who cocks a s□□□k at traditional techniques


英語の復習   第82回裏・第83回

第82回裏

dovecote    aide-de-camp    stipulate   expound   purvey     watercress    gibbon   spleen    burglary    vindicate


In certain of its primitive rites, in its archaic prayers and texts and symbols, in the history of its shrines, and even in many of the artless ideas of its poorest worshippers, it is plainly revealed as the most ancient of all forms of worship--that which Herbert Spencer terms 'the root of all religions'--devotion to the dead. Indeed, it has been frequently so expounded by its own greatest scholars and theologians. Its divinities are ghosts; all the dead become deities. In the Tama-no-mihashira the great 8commentator Hirata says 'the spirits of the dead continue to exist in the unseen world which is everywhere about us, and they all become gods of varying character and degrees of influence. Some reside in temples built in their honour; others hover near their tombs; and they continue to render services to their prince, parents, wife, and children, as when in the body.' And they do more than this, for they control the lives and the doings of men.


That which the sacred laws of friendship will that one friend should do for the other, it is not my intention at this present to expound, being content to have recalled to you this much only thereof, to wit, that the bonds of friendship are far more stringent than those of blood or of kindred, seeing that the friends we have are such as we choose for ourselves and our kinsfolk such as fortune giveth us; wherefore, if Gisippus loved my life more than your goodwill, I being his friend, as I hold myself, none should marvel thereat.


Captain Stratton was all for steaming straight up the river and attacking at once, but Alban pointed out to him the inadvisability of such a course. The sound of the approaching launch would warn the rioters. The long grass at the river’s edge offered them cover and they had enough guns to make a landing difficult. It seemed useless to expose the attacking force to their fire. It was silly to forget that they had to face a hundred and fifty desperate men and it would be easy to fall into an ambush. Alban expounded his own plan. Stratton listened to it. He nodded now and then. The plan was evidently a good one. It would enable them to take the rioters in the rear, surprise them, and in all probability finish the job without a single casualty. He would have been a fool not to accept it.


Here again a diverting likeness is substituted for a very disagreeable reality. Spleen, irritability — the pitiable infirmities of old men, which produce only pain to behold in the realities, counterfeited upon a stage, divert not altogether for the comic appendages to them, but in part from an inner conviction that they are being acted before us; that a likeness only is going on, and not the thing itself. They please by being done under the life, or beside it; not to the life.
*appendage: an ancillary or secondary part attached to main part; adjunct


Raphael would not faint away at the daubing of a signpost, nor Homer hold his head the higher for being in the company of a Grub Street bard. Real power, real excellence, does not seek for a foil in inferiority; nor fear contamination from coming in contact with that which is coarse and homely. It reposes on itself, and is equally free from spleen and affectation. But the spirit of gentility is the mere essence of spleen and affectation; of affected delight in its own would-be qualifications, and of ineffable disdain poured out upon the involuntary blunders or accidental disadvantages of those whom it chooses to treat as its inferiors.



第83回

821  a loose-fitting (usu white) gown with wide sleeves worn by priests
s□□□□□□e

822  surpress; subdue; quiet; allay
The troops qu□□led the revellion quickly.
The child's mother quietly qu□□led his fears of the thunder.

823  not allowing (water, etc) to pass through; not moved or influenced by
Rubber boots are i□□□□□□ous to water.
i□□□□□□ous to wear and tear
i□□□□□□ous to criticism

824  enthusiastic expression of welcome or approval
The leader was given a standing o□□□□□n.
The o□□□□□□s she received shook the rafters.

825  using, full of, pompous words
written in a g□□□□□□oquent style

826  great amounts or sums
o□□□es of money
We've got o□□□es of time

827  fit, suitable, to be chosen; having the right qualifications
e□□□□□□e for membership in a society
an e□□□□□□e young man

828  headland; high point of land standing out from coastline; 岬
p□□□□□□ory

829  person who speaks in favor of sb or sth; plead in favor of
an a□□□□□□e of equal pay for men and wemen
He a□□□□□□ed that changes be made.

830  junction; state of affairs, esp in the phrase
at this j□□□□□□e
These feelings could erupt at some critical j□□□□□□e.

冊子辞書を少しでも使いやすく

紙の消費量はその国の知的水準を示す。謄写版で試験問題を出していた中学の先生が話してくれた。

今、辞書は電子辞書が圧倒している。知性の消滅は近いか。

冊子辞書信奉者の私でさえ、2個持っていて重宝している。

しかし、今のところ追加の予定はない。主体は冊子辞書である。

冊子辞書の悩みは、引きにくさにある。英漢共通の原因はその重さとハードカバーにある。

ランダムハウス、新英和大辞典、Webster’s New World Dictionary、ジーニアス英和大辞典、新和英大辞典、ハードカバーをカットした。本文は分冊化した。

能率向上、疲労軽減。

1万円もするのなら、バラすのに躊躇もあるかもしれないが、いずれも送料別で千円のもの。新本同様の状態のものだ。Webster’sは初版と第2版の両方で千円だった。

万が一切り刻んで失敗しても、痛みは感じない。

廣漢和辭典は索引が第4分冊目になっている。これもハードカバーである。中国語発音から検索するので、年中開く。重くて硬くて、ストレスが溜まるばかり。

バラして、パンフレットの形した。わずか40ページ。快適である。


s-分冊

英語の復習  第81回裏・第82回

第81回裏

platitudinous    fourposter    meander    anthropomorphism    triad    ageless    jar  shrivel   cow    sedentary


A man's life is of many flashing moments, and yet one stream; a nation's flows through all its citizens, and yet is more than they. In such places, one is aware, with an almost insupportable and yet comforting certitude, that both men and nations are hurried onwards to their ruin or ending as inevitably as this dark flood. Some go down to it unreluctant, and meet it, like the river, not without nobility. And as incessant, as inevitable, and as unavailing as the spray that hangs over the Falls, is the white cloud of human crying.... With some such thoughts does the platitudinous heart win from the confusion and thunder of a Niagara peace that the quietest plains or most stable hills can never give.
*unavailing: useless or futile


She was working herself into one of her tantrums, so I interrupted her before it was too late.
‘Come off it, my dear,’ I said. ‘In the first place the character of the singer in that book, which I suppose is the one you’re referring to . . .’
‘You don’t suppose I’m referring to the charwoman, do you?’
‘Well, the character of the singer was roughed out before he’d even seen you, and besides, it isn’t in the least like you.’
‘How d’you mean, it’s not like me? All my friends have recognized me. I mean, it’s the most obvious portrait.’
‘Mary,’ I expostulated.
‘My name is Maria and no one knows it better than you, and if you can’t call me Maria you can call me Madame Falterona or Princess.’
I paid no attention to this.
‘Did you read the book?’
‘Of course I read it. When everyone told me it was about me.’
‘But the boy’s heroine, the prima donna, is twenty–five.’
‘A woman like me is ageless.’
‘She’s musical to her finger–tips, gentle as a dove, and a miracle of unselfishness; she’s frank, loyal, and disinterested. Is that the opinion you have of yourself?’
‘And what is your opinion of me?’
‘Hard as nails, absolutely ruthless, a born intriguer, and as self–centred as they make ’em.’


A cold shiver ran down my spine. La Falterona gave a little start as she recognized the music, and I felt her gather herself together:
Mild und leise wie er lächelt
Wie das Auge er öffnet.
It was Isolde’s death song. She had never sung in Wagner, fearing the strain on her voice, but this, I suppose, she had often sung in concerts. It did not matter now that instead of an orchestral accompaniment she had only the thin tinkle of a piano. The notes of the heavenly melody fell upon the still air and travelled over the water. In that too romantic scene, in that starry night, the effect was shattering. La Falterona’s voice, even now, was exquisite in its quality, mellow and crystalline; and she sang with wonderful emotion, so tenderly, with such tragic, beautiful anguish that my heart melted within me. I had a most awkward lump in my throat when she finished, and looking at her I saw that tears were streaming down her face. I did not want to speak. She stood quite still looking out at that ageless sea.


"You seem to like making a fool of yourself," she said.
His round eyes grew rounder still, and his brow puckered in dismay as he saw that she was angry.
"Sweetheart, have I vexed you? I'll never take another. It was only because I was bilious. I lead a sedentary life. I don't take enough exercise. For three days I hadn't ..."
"For goodness sake, hold your tongue," she interrupted, tears of annoyance in her eyes.
His face fell, and he pouted his lips like a scolded child. He gave me a look of appeal, so that I might put things right, but, unable to control myself, I shook with helpless laughter.


A life of action and danger moderates the dread of death. It not only gives us fortitude to bear pain, but teaches us at every step the precarious tenure on which we hold our present being. Sedentary and studious men are the most apprehensive on this score. Dr. Johnson was an instance in point. A few years seemed to him soon over, compared with those sweeping contemplations on time and infinity with which he had been used to pose himself. In the _still-life_ of a man of letters there was no obvious reason for a change. He might sit in an arm-chair and pour out cups of tea to all eternity.
*tenure: the possession or holding of an office or position



第82回

811  small shelter or house with nesting-boxes for doves
The flamboyant manner of the tourists flattered the d□□□□□□e of the sleepy New England town.

812  naval or military officer who helps a superior by carrying orders, etc; 副官
a□□e-de-c□□p

813  state; put forward, as a necessary condition
It was s□□□□□□ted that the goods should be delivered within three days.
s□□□□□□te for the renewal of the contact every two years

814  explain; state in detail
e□□□□□d a theory/one's views (to sb)
e□□□□□d Buddhist Scriptures

815  provide; supply
A bucher p□□□□ys meat to his customers.
The firm p□□□□ys for the army.

816  creeping plant that grows in running water, with hot-tasting leaves used to salads; クレソン
w□□□□□□ess

817  kinds of long-armed ape; テナガザル
g□□□□n

818  lowness of spirits; bad temper; 脾臓
in a fit of s□□□□n
He took his s□□□□n out on me.

819  crime of breaking into a house to steal
There have been numerous b□□□□□ies in this district recently.

820  show or prove the truth, justice, validity, etc
Events have v□□□□□□ted his judgement/actions.
v□□□□□□te one's honor

英語の復習  第80回裏・第81回 

第80回裏

curio    momentous    impertinent    trite    mold    aggrieve   resurrection    gizzard    ductile   sneak


But this morning, in these old Chambers in an ancient Inn buried in the heart of London City, I have agreed to get up and go out. The reason for this momentous departure from a life of temporary but deliberate indolence is a lady. "Cherchez la femme," as the French say with the dry animosity of a logical race.
*indolent: 1 disliking work or effort; lazy; idle 2 pathol causing little pain 3 (esp of a painless ulcer) slow to heal
*Cherchez la femme (F.) Search the woman(?)


Shall we worship Force, or shall we worship Goodness? Shall our God exist and be evil, or shall he be recognized as the creation of our own conscience? The answer to this question is very momentous, and affects profoundly our whole morality. The worship of Force, to which Carlyle and Nietzsche and the creed of Militarism have accustomed us, is the result of failure to maintain our own ideals against a hostile universe: it is itself a prostrate submission to evil, a sacrifice of our best to Moloch. If strength indeed is to be respected, let us respect rather the strength of those who refuse that false "recognition of facts" which fails to recognize that facts are often bad. Let us admit that, in the world we know there are many things that would be better otherwise, and that the ideals to which we do and must adhere are not realized in the realm of matter. Let us preserve our respect for truth, for beauty, for the ideal of perfection which life does not permit us to attain, though none of these things meet with the approval of the unconscious universe.
*Moloch: Old Testament A Semitic deity to whom parents sacrifices their children


The human species, according to the best theory I can form of it, is composed of two distinct races, the men who borrow, and the men who lend. To these two original diversities may be reduced all those impertinent classifications of Gothic and Celtic tribes, white men, black men, red men. All the dwellers upon earth, “Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites,” flock hither, and do naturally fall in with one or other of these primary distinctions. The infinite superiority of the former, which I choose to designate as the great race, is discernible in their figure, port, and a certain instinctive sovereignty. The latter are born degraded. “He shall serve his brethren.” There is something in the air of one of this cast, lean and suspicious; contrasting with the open, trusting, generous manners of the other.


“O, but (some will say) the force of example is great.” We knew a lady who was so scrupulous on this head, that she would put up with the calls of the most impertinent visitor, rather than let her servant say she was not at home, for fear of teaching her maid to tell an untruth; and this in the very face of the fact, which she knew well enough, that the wench was one of the greatest liars upon the earth without teaching; so much so, that her mistress possibly never heard two words of consecutive truth from her in her life. But nature must go for nothing: example must be every thing. This liar in grain, who never opened her mouth without a lie, must be guarded against a remote inference, which she (pretty casuist!) might possibly draw from a form of words — literally false, but essentially deceiving no one — that under some circumstances a fib might not be so exceedingly sinful — a fiction, too, not at all in her own way, or one that she could be suspected of adopting, for few servant-wenches care to be denied to visitors.
*casuist: sophist
*fib: a trivial and harmless lie


He is not only unquestionably the most powerful political writer of the present day, but one of the best writers in the language. He speaks and thinks plain, broad, downright English. He might be said to have the clearness of Swift, the naturalness of Defoe, and the picturesque satirical description of Mandeville; if all such comparisons were not impertinent. A really great and original writer is like nobody but himself. In one sense, Sterne was not a wit, nor Shakespear a poet. It is easy to describe second-rate talents, because they fall into a class and enlist under a standard; but first-rate powers defy calculation or comparison, and can be defined only by themselves.



第81回

801  commonplace
p□□□□tu□□□□us remarks

802  bed with four posts to support a canopy or curtains; 四柱式寝台
f□□□□□□ter

803  wander here and there; (fig) speak in a aimless way; to take a winding or tortuous course
The stream m□□□□□red along the valley.
The talk m□□□□□red on.

804  the attributing of human shape or characteristics to gods, objects, animals, etc; 神人同形論
a□□□□□□□mor□□□□m

805  a group or set of three closely related persons or things
a major t□□□d
a minor t□□□d

806  eternal; always young; not affected by time
an a□□□□□s piece of sculpture

807  (usu harsh) sound or vibration; to have a harsh, irritating effect
We felt a j□r when the engine was coupled to the train.
This letter j□rred upon her dream.

808  become dried or curled (throught heat, frost, dryness or old age)
the old woman with a s□□□□□□ed body
The hard blaze of summer s□□□□□□ed his spirit.

809  frighten (sb) into submission; subdue
The child had a c□wed look.
Something in the other's eyes c□ws him.

810  (of work) done sitting down (at the desk, etc); (of persons) spending much of their time seated; remaining in one locality
lead a s□□□□□□ry life
s□□□□□□ry birds

愛と命名しました

住み着いて2ヶ月たった時の写真。

エサは食べ放題、寝床は人間と同じベッド。

すぐに飼い猫の顔と姿に復帰した。

前の飼い主がなんと呼んでいたのか、首輪がないのでわからない。

メス猫だ。

ヒラリー(大統領戦の最中だった)、キャサリン、ソーニャ、ビクトリア、フィオレータ、りんりん、チカ、貴婦人、他色々考えたが、なかなかイメージにピッタリした名前が浮かばない。

結局、日本語のあいうえおの「あい」にした。漢字は「愛」である。

島の知識人から、場末のバーかとけなされた。そう言われれば、神田か新橋の路地裏にそんなバーがあったような気がする。

いまさら変更するのは節操がない。老人には発音も楽だ、今も愛である。

この愛、野良猫の産んだねこではない。人を見てもこそこそ隠れない。警戒心ゼロである。

前のリッキーは、大人になったら人の後についてこなくなった。

愛は、裏山書斎までついてくる、原っぱ書斎にもついてkる。人が仰向けになって読書をし始めると、待ってましたとばかり、腹の上に飛び乗る。

重いには重いが、心地よい重さである。



英語の復習  第79回裏・第80回

第79回裏

quibble    intertwine    rattle    brazen    scamper    eventful   subsist    assimilate   eschew    detach


How fine it is to enter some old town, walled and turreted, just at approach of nightfall, or to come to some straggling village, with the lights streaming through the surrounding gloom; and then, after inquiring for the best entertainment that the place affords, to 'take one's ease at one's inn'! These eventful moments in our lives' history are too precious, too full of solid, heartfelt happiness to be frittered and dribbled away in imperfect sympathy. I would have them all to myself, and drain them to the last drop: they will do to talk of or to write about afterwards. What a delicate speculation it is, after drinking whole goblets of tea--The cups that cheer, but not inebriate--and letting the fumes ascend into the brain, to sit considering what we shall have for supper--eggs and a rasher, a rabbit smothered in onions, or an excellent veal-cutlet! Sancho in such a situation once fixed on cow-heel; and his choice, though he could not help it, is not to be disparaged.
*dribble: to flow or allow to flow in a thin stream or drops; trickle
*inebriate: 1 to make drunk; intoxicate 2 to arouse emotionally, make excited
*rasher: a thin slice of bacon or ham


The coasting steamer passed the mouth of the river twice a month, once on its way to the coalfields and once on its way back. On the outward journey it brought mail, which Guy sent a boat down to fetch. Its arrival was the excitement of their uneventful lives. For the first day or two they skimmed rapidly all that had come, letters, English papers and papers from Singapore, magazines and books, leaving for the ensuing weeks a more exact perusal.


When dusk came they caught moths. Darya busied herself with the hut and the servants, sewed and read and smoked innumerable cigarettes. The days passed very pleasantly, monotonous but eventful.


DEATH OF AN OLD DOG
When recalling the impressions and experiences of that most eventful sixth year, the one incident which looks biggest in memory, at all events in the last half of that year, is the death of Caesar. There is nothing in the past I can remember so well: it was indeed the most important event of my childhood — the first thing in a young life which brought the eternal note of sadness in. It was in the early spring, about the middle of August, and I can even remember that it was windy weather and bitterly cold for the time of year, when the old dog was approaching his end. Caesar was an old valued dog, although of no superior breed: he was just an ordinary dog of the country, short-haired, with long legs and a blunt muzzle. The ordinary dog or native cur was about the size of a Scotch collie; Caesar was quite a third larger, and it was said of him that he was as much above all other dogs of the house, numbering about twelve or fourteen, in intelligence and courage as in size.
*cur: 1 any vicious dog, esp mongrel 2 a despicable or cowardly person (Collins): 1. A dog: now always depreciative; a low-bred, or snappish dog. 2. fig. A surly, ill-bred, or cowardly fellow 3. A fish: the Red Gurnard 4. The Golden-eye duck (SOD): 1. a dog of mixed breed; mongrel 2. a person who is mean, contemptible, cowardly, etc (Webster’s College Edition)
(Far Away and Long Ago, by William Henry Hudson)


The magi, as you know, were wise men--wonderfully wise men--who brought gifts to the Babe in the manger. They invented the art of giving Christmas presents. Being wise, their gifts were no doubt wise ones, possibly bearing the privilege of exchange in case of duplication. And here I have lamely related to you the uneventful chronicle of two foolish children in a flat who most unwisely sacrificed for each other the greatest treasures of their house. But in a last word to the wise of these days let it be said that of all who give gifts these two were the wisest. Of all who give and receive gifts, such as they are wisest. Everywhere they are wisest. They are the magi.



第80回

791  a small article valued as a collector’s item, esp something fascinating or unusual
a c□□□o hunter

792  important; serious
M□□□□□□us events are taking place in US.

793  not showing proper respect; impudent; saucy; irreleveant
i□□□□□□nent remarks
i□□□□□□nent pleasantry

794  commonplace; not new
the t□□□e phrases in his letter

795  a downy or furry growth on the surface of organic matter, caused by fungi, especially in the presence of dampness or decay (WTID); a coating or discoloration caused by various saprotrophic fungi that develop in a damp atmoshere on the surface of stored food, fabrics, wallpaper, etc (Collins)
The chemical was used to kill a m□□d that grows on peanuts.

796  usu passive grieve; afflict
They have been a□□□□□□ed by the oppression.

797   revival from disuse, inactivity, etc; christian theory the rising again of Chirst from the tomb three days after his death
nature's r□□□□□□ction in the spring
There shall be a r□□□□□□ction of both the just and the unjust. - Bible
R□□□□□□ction services at the cathedral

798   bird's second stomach for grinding food; throat
His behavior sticks in my g□□□□□d.

799  (of metals) that can be pressed, beaten or drawn into shape while cold
a d□□□□□e metal

800  1 to move furtively 2 to behave in a cowardly or underhand manner 3 to bring, take, or put stealthily 4 informal, chiefly in Brit to tell tales (esp in schools) 5 informal to steal 6 informal to leave unobtrusively 7 a person who acts in an underhand or cowardly manner, esp as an informer 8 a stealthy act or movement 9 Brit informal an unobtrusive departure (Collins)
s□□□k off into dark corners
A stranger s□□□ks about my house.


理事長よ そなたは就位式の免状差し上げ係か

谷川理事長が辞表を提出した。

敵前逃亡である。

敵前とは棋道をメチャクチャに破壊した犯罪者の処罰を理事長権限で実行すべきをしないまま、普通の棋士の間に紛れ込もうとしているからである。

公然と盗人呼ばわりして、挑戦者を動揺させるという卑劣極まりない番外作戦をやらかした渡辺竜王に対する永久追放をしないからである。

下の者がうまく事を運ばないときこそ、トップの者の出番である。

北方四島でも、外務大臣以下外務省の役人がどうにもなりませんとギブアップしたときに、安倍首相はな~んにもしなかった。群衆が選べばだいたいこんな無能の手合いが関の山、別に驚きもしないし、嘆きもしない。「全力をあげて取り組みます」を連呼して群衆をうっとりさせれば、ボロが見えない。安泰である。

将棋の世界は違う。

後援会のお膳立てなど、まったく意味をなさない。オヤジの後光はクソである。

棋士一人一人が(一応師匠はいるが)、誰に頼ることなく、道一筋に歩んできてその地位を掴んだのである。

ドロボー呼ばわりした棋士がヌケヌケと対局し続けるようなら、将棋はゲームセンターに引っ越すことだ。そこでは、品位を求められない。機械相手なら、思う存分、カンニングだ、カンニングだと騒いでいい。

新しい理事長が真っ先にすることは、谷川の尻拭いである。就位式の免状を読み上げて、両手で手渡すだけの人形を理事長に選んだ軽率な一手のツケだ、汚いが仕方がない。



英語の復習  第78回裏・第79回

第78回裏

robust    refute    simper   reek    waylay    scorch    fervor   wade    uptake    vermin


The incentive to ambition is the love of power; the spur to avarice is either the fear of poverty or a strong desire of self-indulgence. The amassers of fortunes seem divided into two opposite classes--lean, penurious-looking mortals, or jolly fellows who are determined to get possession of, because they want to enjoy, the good things of the world. The one have famine and a workhouse always before their eyes; the others, in the fulness of their persons and the robustness of their constitutions, seem to bespeak the reversion of a landed estate, rich acres, fat beeves, a substantial mansion, costly clothing, a chine and curkey, choice wines, and all other good things consonant to the wants and full-fed desires of their bodies. Such men charm fortune by the sleekness of their aspects and the goodly rotundity of their honest faces, as the others scare away poverty by their wan, meagre looks. The last starve themselves into riches by care and carking; the first eat, drink, and sleep their way into the good things of this life.
*bespeak: 1 to engage, request, or ask 2 to indicate or suggest 3 poetic to speak to; address 4 archaic to foretell
*chine: the backbone of an animal with adjoining meat, cut for cooking
*curkey: turkey(?)
*rotund: rounded or spherical in shape


When I formerly had to do with these sort of critical verdicts, I was generally sent out of the way when any _debutant_ had a friend at court, and was to be tenderly handled. For the rest, or those of robust constitutions, I had _carte blanche_ given me.
* debutant: a person who is making a first appearance in a particular capacity, such as a sportsperson playing in a first game for a team
*carte blanche: complete discretion or authority


The black peas (mame) signify bodily strength and health, because a word similarly pronounced, though written with a different ideograph, means 'robust.' But why a lobster? Here we have another curious conception. The lobster's body is bent double: the body of the man who lives to a very great old age is also bent. Thus the Lobster stands for a symbol of extreme old age; and in artistic design signifies the wish that our friends may live so long that they will become bent like lobsters--under the weight of years. And the dried chestnut (kachiguri) are emblems of success, because the first character of their name in Japanese is the homonym of kachi, which means 'victory,' 'conquest.'
*ideograph(ideogram): a sign or symbol, used in such writing system as those of China or Japan, that directly represents a concept, idea, or thing rather than a word or set of words for it
*homonym: one of a group of words pronounced or spelt in the same way but having different meanings


THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND
I have my Anglican moments; and as I sat there that Sunday afternoon, in the Palladian interior of the London Church, and listened to the unexpressive voices chanting the correct service, I felt a comfortable assurance that we were in no danger of being betrayed into any unseemly manifestations of religious fervor. We had not gathered together at that performance to abase ourselves with furious hosannas before any dark Creator of an untamed Universe, no Deity of freaks and miracles and sinister hocus-pocus; but to pay our duty to a highly respected Anglican First Cause--undemonstrative, gentlemanly, and conscientious--whom,
without loss of self-respect, we could decorously praise.
*moment: import, sigfinicance, or value
*hosanna: an exclamation of praise, esp one to God
*hocus-pocus: 1 trickery or chicanery 2 mystifying jargon
*decorous: characterized by propriety in manners, conduct, etc


His zeal constantly makes him to outrun, and put out, his coadjutors. He thinks of relieving — while they think of debating. He was black-balled out of a society for the Relief of **********, because the fervor of his humanity toiled beyond the formal apprehension, and creeping processes, of his associates. I shall always consider this distinction as a patent of nobility in the Elia family!
*coadjutor: 1 a bishop appointed as assistant to a diocesan bishop 2 rare an assistant
* blackball: to exclude (someone) from a group, profession, etc; ostracize




第79回

781  evasion of the main point of an argument; argue about small points or differences
Let’s not qu□□□□e over minor details

782  twine or twist together; become twined together
a lattice i□□□□□□ined with vines

783  make short, sharp sounds quickly, one after the other
The wind r□□□□ed the windows.

784  made of brass; like brass; shameless
the b□□□□n notes of trumpet
adopt a b□□□□n attitude

785  (esp of small animals) run quickly; a short, quick run
take the dog for a s□□□□□r

786  full of notable events; having an important outcome
The past year has been e□□□□□□l.
an e□□□□□□l cconversation

787  be kept in existence on; to continue to live
s□□□□□t on a vegitable diet

788  absorb (food) into the body (after digestion)
We a□□□□□□ate some kinds of food more easily than others.

789  avoid; keep oneself away from; abstain from
e□□□□w political debate

790  unfasten and take apart; send away from the main body
to d□□□ch a coach from a train

英語の復習  第77回裏・第78回

第77回裏

coax   buttress   crust    assemblage    destitute    flog    goad   howl    milieu    peddle


After an hour of this I grew tired and went out. I crossed the road and came on to the beach. Three coconut trees grew there, like three moon maidens waiting for their lovers to ride out of the sea, and I sat at the foot of one of them, watching the lagoon and the nightly assemblage of the stars.


I have sat through an Italian Opera, till, for sheer pain, and inexplicable anguish, I have rushed out into the noisiest places of the crowded streets, to solace myself with sounds, which I was not obliged to follow, and get rid of the distracting torment of endless, fruitless, barren attention! I take refuge in the unpretending assemblage of honest common-life sounds; — and the purgatory of the Enraged Musician becomes my paradise.


I love town, or country; but this detestable Cinque Port is neither. I hate these scrubbed shoots, thrusting out their starved foliage from between the horrid fissures of dusty innutritious rocks; which the amateur calls “verdure to the edge of the sea.” I require woods, and they show me stunted coppices. I cry out for the water-brooks, and pant for fresh streams, and inland murmurs. I cannot stand all day on the naked beach, watching the capricious hues of the sea, shifting like the colours of a dying mullet. I am tired of looking out at the windows of this island-prison. I would fain retire into the interior of my cage. While I gaze upon the sea, I want to be on it, over it, across it. It binds me in with chains, as of iron. My thoughts are abroad. I should not so feel in Staffordshire. There is no home for me here. There is no sense of home at Hastings. It is a place of fugitive resort, an heterogeneous assemblage of sea-mews and stock-brokers, Amphitrites of the town, and misses that coquet with the Ocean.
*fissure: any long narrow cleft or crack, esp in a rock
*pant: to have a frantic desire; yearn
*mullet: (魚)ボラ
*heterogeneous: 1 composed of unrelated or different parts or elements 2 not of the same kind or type
*mew: (鳥)カモメ


We next hear of her in a strange role at Kyoto. Her lover appears to have been utterly destitute; for, in order to support him, we find her giving exhibitions of the Miko-kagura in the Shijo-Kawara--which is the name given to a portion of the dry bed of the river Kamagawa--doubtless the same place in which the terrible executions by torture took place. She must have been looked upon by the public of that day as an outcast. But her extraordinary beauty seems to have attracted many spectators, and to have proved more than successful as an exhibition. Sanza's purse became well filled. Yet the dance of O-Kuni in the Shijo-Kawara was nothing more than the same dance which the miko of Kitzuki dance to-day, in their crimson hakama and snowy robes--a graceful gliding walk.


Sir Herbert Witherspoon leaned forward in his chair and he was so white that Ashenden thought too that he was going to faint. His skin was drawn over his skull so that his face looked like a death’s head, but the veins on his forehead stood out like knotted cords. He had lost all reticence. And Ashenden once more wished that he would stop, it made him shy and nervous to see the man’s naked soul: no one has the right to show himself to another in that destitute state. He was inclined to cry:
‘Stop, stop. You mustn’t tell me any more. You’ll be so ashamed.’
But the man had lost all shame.


But often--very often--the land they thus secured, though legally "unappropriated," would be occupied by happy and contented settlers, who had laboured for years to build up their homes, only to discover that their titles were worthless, and to receive peremptory notice to quit. Thus came about the bitter and not unjustifiable hatred felt by the toiling settlers toward the shrewd and seldom merciful speculators who so often turned them forth destitute and homeless from their fruitless labours. The history of the state teems with their antagonism. Mr. Land-shark seldom showed his face on "locations" from which he should have to eject the unfortunate victims of a monstrously tangled land system, but let his emissaries do the work. There was lead in every cabin, moulded into balls for him; many of his brothers had enriched the grass with their blood. The fault of it all lay far back.
*teem: to be prolific or abundant
*eject: 1 to drive or force out; expel or emit 2 to compel (a person) to leave; evict; dispossess
*emmissary: an agent or messenger sent on mission, esp one who represents a government or head of state



第78回

771  vigorous; healthy
a r□□□□t young man

772  prove (statements, opinions etc) to be wrong or mistaken
What proof do you have to r□□□□e his statement?
r□□□□e the other side

773  (give a) silly, self-conscious smile
Betsy s□□□□red at him as she spoke.
a silly, s□□□□ring girl

774  strong, bad smell; thick smoke of vapor; smell unpleastly
the r□□k of stale tobacco smoke
He r□□ks of garlic.

775  (wait somewhere to) attack, rob (sb); accost (sb) unexpectedly
He w□□□□id me with a request for a loan.

776  burn or discolor the surface of (sth) by dry heat; cause to dry up or whither
The long, hot summer s□□□□hed the grass.
a sun-s□□□□hed girl

777  strength or warmth of feeling; earnestness
religious f□□□□r

778  walk with an effort (through water, mud etc); to proceed with dificulty
He w□□ed through the weed on the bank.
The boy w□□ed through the dull book.

779  apprehension; mental grasp; lifting
quick□slow on (or in) the u□□□□e
the u□□□□e of fertilizer by machines

780  wild animals harmful to plants, birds and other animals; parasite insects
The bed was filthy and full of v□□□□n.

私のSOD

一度、このブログで紹介したことがある。

1965年の購入だから50年も昔だ。夏のボーナスから麻雀の負けを精算して残った金でこのSODを買ったら、ボーナスがすっかり消えてしまった。

今では、背革の上下はボロボロになって、風格さえ感じられる。

ほとんど開くことはないが、机の上から外したことはない。

褪せた金文字の背表紙が目に入るだけで、私は癒されるからである。

英語の復習が一段落したら、再びシェイクスピアに戻ろうかと思っている。その時には、Collinsでもなく、WTID(Webster's)でもない、このSODを開くことになるだろう。

今から楽しみだ。



英語の復習  第76回裏・第77回

第76回裏

cheroot   beachcomber   parochial   benefice   pince-nez    oversee    eddy    alert   alder    crave


Beyond the foot of the Falls the river is like a slipping floor of marble, green with veins of dirty white, made by the scum that was foam. It slides very quietly and slowly down for a mile or two, sullenly exhausted. Then it turns to a dull sage green, and hurries more swiftly, smooth and ominous. As the walls of the ravine close in, trouble stirs, and the waters boil and eddy. These are the lower rapids, a sight more terrifying than the Falls, because less intelligible. Close in its bands of rock the river surges tumultuously forward, writhing and leaping as if inspired by a demon. It is pressed by the straits into a visibly convex form. Great planes of water slide past. Sometimes it is thrown up into a pinnacle of foam higher than a house, or leaps with incredible speed from the crest of one vast wave to another, along the shining curve between, like the spring of a wild beast. Its motion continually suggests muscular action. The power manifest in these rapids moves one with a different sense of awe and terror from that of the Falls. Here the inhuman life and strength are spontaneous, active, almost resolute; masculine vigor compared with the passive gigantic power, female, helpless and overwhelming, of the Falls. A place of fear.
*scum: a layer of impure matter that forms on the surface of a liquid, often as the result of boiling or fermentation
*pinnacle: 1 the highest point or level, esp of fame, success, etc 2 a towering peak, as of a mountain 3 a slender upright structure in the form of a corn, pyramid, or spine on the top of buttress, gable, or tower


"No, I don't think you would guess. Every pocket stuffed with pennies and half-pennies--421 pennies and 270 half-pennies. It was no wonder that it had not been swept away by the tide. But a human body is a different matter. There is a fierce eddy between the wharf and the house. It seemed likely enough that the weighted coat had remained when the stripped body had been sucked away into the river."


I dismount, and ascend them, and, reaching a broad terrace, find myself face to face with a wonderful gate, topped by a tilted, peaked, many-cornered Chinese roof. It is all strangely carven, this gate. Dragons are inter-twined in a frieze above its open doors; and the panels of the doors themselves are similarly sculptured; and there are gargoyles--grotesque lion heads--protruding from the eaves. And the whole is grey, stone-coloured; to me, nevertheless, the carvings do not seem to have the fixity of sculpture; all the snakeries and dragonries appear to undulate with a swarming motion, elusively, in eddyings as of water.
*carven: carved


She was a little woman, with brown, dull hair very elaborately arranged, and she had prominent blue eyes behind invisible pince–nez. Her face was long, like a sheep’s, but she gave no impression of foolishness, rather of extreme alertness; she had the quick movements of a bird. The most remarkable thing about her was her voice, high, metallic, and without inflexion; it fell on the ear with a hard monotony, irritating to the nerves like the pitiless clamour of the pneumatic drill.


Since she had so many advantages for espionage, it was fairly safe to suppose that an alert secret service had enlisted her services and Ashenden took it for granted that she was engaged somehow on the same kind of work as himself.


He was never free from suffering and he was constantly on the alert to prevent anyone from seeing it. The strain gave him a peculiar restlessness.


There is a set of people who fairly come under this denomination. They spend their time and their breath in coffee-houses and other places of public resort, hearing or repeating some new thing. They sit with a paper in their hands in the morning, and with a pipe in their mouths in the evening, discussing the contents of it. The _Times,_ the _Morning Chronicle,_ and the _Herald_ are necessary to their existence: in them 'they live and move and have their being.' The Evening Paper is impatiently expected and called for at a certain critical minute: the news of the morning becomes stale and vapid by the dinner-hour. A fresher interest is required, an appetite for the latest-stirring information is excited with the return of their meals; and a glass of old port or humming ale hardly relishes as it ought without the infusion of some lively topic that had its birth with the day, and perishes before night. 'Then come in the sweets of the evening':--the Queen, the coronation, the last new play, the next fight, the insurrection of the Greeks or Neapolitans, the price of stocks, or death of kings, keep them on the alert till bedtime. No question comes amiss to them that is quite new--none is ever heard of that is at all old.
*vapid: 1 bereft pf strength, sharpness, flavour, etc; flat 2 boring or dull; lifelss
*insurrecton: the act or an instance of rebelling against a government in power or the civil authorities; insurgency



第77回

761  get sb or sth to do sth by kindness or patience
c□□x a child to take its medicine
c□□x a fire to burn

762  a support built against a wall; (fig) prop; sth that support
the b□□□□□□s of home
the b□□□□□□s of public opnion

763  hard baked surface of a loaf; cover; become covered
without even a c□□□t of bread
The snow c□□□ted over during the night

764  bringing or coming together; collection of things
the a□□□□□□□ge of parts of a machine

765  without food, clothes and other things necessary for life
When Mr Hill died, his wife and children left d□□□□□□te.

766  beat severly with a rod or whip; (sl) sell or exchange
f□□g a dead horse
f□□g stolen goods/one's old car

767  a pointed stick for urging cattles on; urge
g□□d sb into fury
be g□□ded by hunger into stealing

768 long, loud cry, eg of a wolf; long cry of a person in pain, or scorn, amusement, etc.
The wind h□□led through the trees.
h□□ls of derision

769  enviroment; social surroundings
a socially favorable m□□□□u
the historical m□□□□u of a novel

770  to go from place to place selling small articles;; to spend times on trifles
p□□□□e from village to village
She loves to p□□□□e gossip round the village.

日本将棋連盟のこれから カネ

棋士は対局することで生計を立てている。娯楽や趣味ではない。

竜王戦の挑戦者に決まった。

その段階では、当たり前だがタイトルがどちらに行くのかわからない。

分かっているのは、挑戦者になっただけで、ギャラが保障されたことである。生活資金約束されたことである。

挑戦者になった時点で、家族揃って、その使途を話題にしたかもしれない。

すべ水泡に帰し、なお汚名まで着せられた。

一度でも、彼の家族を思ったことがあるのか、ゲスどもよ。

今になれば、分かっている限りで、善処すべきである。

1. 優勝賞金と敗者残念金を合計して2で割る。三浦棋士に半分を与える。
2. 渡辺竜王から、タイトル保持を保持しようが失おうが、一切の対局料を剥奪する。泥棒に追い銭である。
3. その剥奪したカネは、とばっちりを受けて機会損失を被った棋士に配分する。
4. 渡辺竜王が負ければ、半分に満たない分を自分のカネで三浦棋士に償う。
5. 日本将棋連盟は、対局返上期間の保障金を三浦棋士に支払う。

裁判沙汰など見苦しい。棋道の恥だ。

日本の将棋はチェスや中国・韓国・朝鮮の象棋とちがって、日本古来の伝統である。

お茶を濁して幕引きをして、後の世の物笑いの種にならないことを願う。


付:主催新聞社が凛とした態度をとるか、たぶんナアナアでしょう。






日本将棋連盟が集団リンチ イジメで自殺もあった

就職や入試で、面接は必ずある。

一人の面接員ということはなかった。会社なら役員、部長、課長など、大学なら教授、助教授など、3人、4人が相場だった。

対して、こちらは一人。しかもこちらは何の権限もない。生かすも殺すもすべて相手次第。ワイングラスのように脆い心臓の私にはいつも応えた。

さて、将棋。

理事会は三浦棋士を呼びつけて、(お越しいただいて)、カンニングの事実を問い質したという。その場で三浦棋士の方から「自発的に」対局を遠慮しとという(ことになっている)。

これをもって、理事会が責任の言い逃れをするのなら、学校のイジメと変わらない。

まだある。

刑事は検事に追い詰められたら、無実の容疑者が自白することは逆転裁判に見るところである。よってたかって一人の人間を囲めば、それだけで囲まれた人間の精神は異常になる。全部がなるとはいわないが、異常になる人間は少なくない。

小学生や中学生が自殺するのも、この集団リンチが原因である。

三浦棋士が、繊細な神経の持ち主だったら、将棋会館の玄関で焼身自殺をしたかもしれないし、千駄ヶ谷駅で投身自殺をしたかもしれない。

「自主的」対局返上との言い草は、理事連中にとって満足するものであった。世間体も悪くなかった。今は違う。碁でいう打って返しにあったのだ。それなのに、「あれは、三浦棋士から言い出したことでして、手前どもは素直に受理しただけでして」とはどんな脳みそで事を運んでいいるのか。

個人攻撃を抑えるべき立場の理事連中が、渡辺竜王や他の雑魚を叱るのでなく、ゲス週刊誌に便乗して煽った。

棋界における永久不滅のA級戦犯である。

野球賭博、八百長相撲、日本将棋は永久追放するのか

野球は麻薬だったか賭博だったか、はっきり覚えていない。たしか永久追放という処分があったと思う。

相撲は遠い昔の話ではないので、覚えている。やはり永久追放である。

この永久追放の共通点は、不正とはいえ他人に肉体的にも精神的にも危害を加えていないことである。

今回のカンニング騒動は、自分は清潔で他人は汚濁とカヤの内に身を置いたままカヤの外の人物を誹謗したえげつなさが原因である。麻薬でも賭博でも八百長でもない。

野球も大相撲も身内の同業者組合である。それでも、永久追放の手段が存在し、また実行してきた。

将棋世界も身内の同業者組合である。毅然として処分しなければ、日本将棋連盟そのものが汚物になる。

千駄ヶ谷の会館は、糞尿処理場になる。

新聞社(これが処分に甘いのは国会議員に政治部記者が甘いのと同様文化部記者が寄生虫だからしかたがない)とあれこれ密かに打ち合わせるなど姑息な手段を弄せず、直ちにバキュームカーを呼んで汚物を除去すべきである。

さもないと野球や相撲に馬鹿にされるぞ。馬鹿にされても、エヘラエヘラし通すつもりか。

FC2Ad