老いの一筆

Fair is foul, and foul is fair – Macbeth Act 1 SceneⅠ・・・きれいはきたない、きたないはきれい

中国語辞典・漢和辞典 電子索引を渇望する

何が何でも欲しいのが、電子索引である。

簡体字だけでなく、繁体字も異体字も辞書の親字はすべて、手書きでページと発音がディスプレイに現れる索引である。

意味はいらない。ただページと発音だけでいい。

これがあれば、辞書引きに費やされる時間の8割が省ける。

私は手書き入力機能を有しているシャープの辞書を持っているが、小学館の中日辞典という学習辞書に出てくる漢字しかでてこない。繁体字は一切なし。學もなければ躰もない、戀もなければ繪もない。ないない尽くしである。本当に困った漢字の時にはほとんど役に立たない。

それでも、普通の漢字には重宝している。私にとってはなくてはならない道具である。一度電池を切らしたことがあったが、その時の不便は筆舌に尽くし難いものだった。

テラ単位の記憶容量が当たり前になっている現在、中日大辞典だけでなく(改善後であることが条件)、全ての中国語辞典が対応して、更に諸橋大漢和、廣漢和、藤堂漢和、他漢和字典もカバーする汎用索引を、世に出してもらいたい。

電子索引の値段は辞書本体と同じでいい。いや、5倍の値段でも私は買う。それほど、漢字にとって索引は重要なのである。

早く出て来い、池の鯉。

英語の復習 59回裏

59回裏

orthography   commotion  votary   imbecile   copious   objurgate   discomfiture   fecundity   horripilation   squeak



If you inquire farther, and insist upon some act of authorship to establish the claims of these Epicurean votaries of the Muses, you find that they had a great reputation at Cambridge, that they were senior wranglers or successful prize-essayists, that they visit at Holland House, and, to support that honour, must be supposed, of course, to occupy the first rank in the world of letters.


Fafner nodded slightly to Fasolt, but whether to indicate that he thought Ashenden an imbecile or whether in sympathy with his desire for a safe retreat from a turbulent world, Ashenden had no means of knowing.


Ashenden made acquaintance with some of his fellow–travellers and sometimes they came into the compartment to have a chat, but if they only spoke French or German Mr Harrington would watch them with acidulous disapproval and if they spoke English he would never let them get a word in. For Mr Harrington was a talker. He talked as though it were a natural function of the human being, automatically, as men breathe or digest their food; he talked not because he had something to say, but because he could not help himself, in a high–pitched, nasal voice, without inflexion, at one dead level of tone. He talked with precision, using a copious vocabulary and forming his sentences with deliberation; he never used a short word when a longer one would do; he never paused. He went on and on. It was not a torrent, for there was nothing impetuous about it, it was like a stream of lava pouring irresistibly down the side of a volcano. It flowed with a quiet and steady force that overwhelmed everything that was in its path.


The inn coffee-room had a copy of Mr. Freeman's book on the adjoining Cathedral, and this was copiously annotated in a beautiful and scholarly hand, but in a most virulent spirit.
*annotate: to supply (a written work, such as an ancient text) with critical or explanatory notes


Many other passages might be quoted, in which the poet breaks through the groundwork of prose, as it were, by natural fecundity and a genial,  unrestrained sense of delight.


‘I guess Egbert would like a sip of your lemonade, my dear,’ said Mr Wilkins.
Mrs Wilkins slightly turned her head and looked at the monkey sitting on her lap.
‘Would you like a sip of mother’s lemonade, Egbert?’
The monkey gave a little squeak and putting her arm round him she handed him a straw. The monkey sucked up a little lemonade and having drunk enough sank back against Mrs Wilkins’s ample bosom.



ここらで一休み

10月に始めたこの英語の復習が還暦を迎えた。単語は600個、例文は240を超えている。

採用した単語はすべて私が「遭遇」したもの。ほとんどの例文も同様である。どの作品か思い出せない物があるにはあるが、大抵は「回顧の情」が湧いてくる。

惜しむらくは、加齢による物忘れが、単語にも及んでいることである。

ちょうど師走でもあり、このあたりで足踏みして、後ろを振り返るのもいいのではないか。

納期だの決済だの宮仕えからとっくに離れている私には別に師走だからと言って、忙しいわけではないが、年末はやはりいい区切りである。

誤記、誤字、脱字、錯覚、それに実力不足からの誤解、12月を「英語の復習」の再検討に充てようと思う。

現在単語のストックは800語、スタンバイ状態にある。これを900語に増やし、1月から3月まで復習する予定である。

例文の出自を再掲して、締めることにする。


例文出自一覧

1 .Far Away and Long Ago by William Henry Hudson (1841-1922) ○

2. CONFESSIONS OF AN ENGLISH OPIUM-EATER: BEING AN EXTRACT FROM THE LIFE OF A SCHOLAR by Thomas de Quincy ○

3. The Decameron of Giovanni Boccaccio (1313?-1375) Translated by John Payne ○ 

4. GLIMPSES OF UNFAMILIAR JAPAN First Series and Second Series by LAFCADIO HEARN (1850-1904)

5. The Moon and Sixpence By SOMERSET MAUGHAM (1874-1965)  ○

6. THE HERO by W. SOMERSET MAUGHAM ○

7. The Magician By SOMERSET MAUGHAM ○

8. THE TREMBLING OF A LEAF By W. SOMERSET MAUGHAM ○

9.  SIXTY-FIVE SHORT STORIES by W. SOMERSET MAUGHAM ○

10. TABLE-TALK ESSAYS ON MEN AND MANNERS by WILLIAM HAZLITT (1778-1830)  ○

11. The Adventures of Sherlock Holms by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)  ○

12. ESSAYS OF ELIA THE LAST ESSAYS OF ELIA BY CHARLES LAMB (1775-1834)

13. THE PLEASURES OF IGNORANCE BY ROBERT LYND (1879-1949)  ○

14. THE PRIVATE PAPERS OF HENRY RYECROFT by George Gissing (1857-1903)  ○

15 .Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austin (1775-1817)   ○

16.  Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll (1832-1898)  ○

17. Modern Essays Editor: Christopher Morley

18. THE FOUR MILLION by O. HENRY (1862-1910)

19. WHIRLIGIGS by O. HENRY

注:
1 ○通読。他は部分読
2 すべてネットのfree textからCopy&Paste したもの。

英語の復 第58回裏・第59回

第58回裏

smirch  rout  hermaphrodite  feckless  rubicund  insouciant  spume  lacerate  mien  promulgate



Oh, so sad it is, this quarter! By day the streets are a depression, with their frowzy doss-houses and their vapor-baths. Gray and sickly is the light. Gray and sickly, too, are the leering shops, and gray and sickly are the people and the children. Everything has followed the grass and the flowers. Childhood has no place; so above the roofs you may see the surly points of a Council School. Such games as happen are played but listlessly, and each little face is smirched. The gaunt warehouses hardly support their lopping heads, and the low, beetling, gabled houses of the alleys seem for ever to brood on nights of bitter adventure. Fit objects for contempt by day they may be, but when night creeps upon London, the hideous darkness that can almost be touched, then their faces become very powers of terror, and the cautious soul, wandered from the comfort of the main streets, walks and walks in a frenzy, seeking outlet and finding none. Sometimes a hoarse laugh will break sharp on his ear. Then he runs.
*doss house: Brit slang a cheap lodging house, esp one used by tramps
*surly: sullenly ill-tempered or rude
*beetle: to overhang; jut
*gable: the trianglar upper part of a wall between the sloping ends of a pitched roof
*brood: to cover (young birds) protectively with wings


She looked from Macphail to his wife, standing helplessly in different parts of the room, like lost souls, and she pursed her lips. She saw that she must take them in hand. Feckless people like that made her impatient, but her hands itched to put everything in the order which came so naturally to her.


He purchased an interest in a biographer by persuading Henry Festing Jones, a feckless lawyer of Butlerian proclivities, to abandon the law and become his musical and literary companion.
*proclivity: tendency or inclination


The birds still sang merrily, the squirrel leaped from tree to tree; even the blades of grass stood with a certain conscious pleasure, as the light breeze rustled through them. In the mid-day sun all things took pleasure in their life; and all Nature appeared full of joy, coloured and various and insouciant. He alone was sad.


At last James went out, surprised to find it was so late. The theatres had disgorged their crowds, and Piccadilly was thronged, gay, vivacious, and insouciant. For a moment there was a certain luxury about its vice; the harlot gained the pompousness of a Roman courtesan, and the vulgar debauchee had for a little while the rich, corrupt decadence of art and splendour.
*harlot: a prostitute or promiscuous woman
*pompous: 1 exaggeratedly or ostentatiously dignified or self-important 2 ostentatiously lofty in style 3 rare characerized by ceremonial pomp or splendour
*debauchee: a man who leads a life of reckless drinking, promiscuity, and self-indulgence
*disgorge: to throw out (swallowed food, etc) from the throart or stomack; vomit


Her eyes did not reach to the level of the magistrate's desk. A policeman in citizen's clothes would mount the witness stand, take oath with a seriousness of mien which was surprising, in view of the frequency with which he was called upon to repeat the formula, and testify in an illiterate drone to a definite infraction of the law of the State, committed in his presence and with his encouragement. While he spoke the magistrate would look at the ceiling. When she was called upon to answer she defended herself with an obvious lie or two, while the magistrate looked over her head. He would then condemn her to pay the sum of ten dollars to the State and let her go.


The most agreeable face is the smiling face; and to present always the most agreeable face possible to parents, relatives, teachers, friends, well-wishers, is a rule of life. And furthermore, it is a rule of life to turn constantly to the outer world a mien of happiness, to convey to others as far as possible a pleasant impression. Even though the heart is breaking, it is a social duty to smile bravely. On the other hand, to look serious or unhappy is rude, because this may cause anxiety or pain to those who love us; it is likewise foolish, since it may excite unkindly curiosity on the part of those who love us not.


Teodoro by name, of nobler mien and better bearing than the rest, who seemed all mere shepherds. Teodoro, although entreated as a slave, was brought up in the house with Messer Amerigo's children and conforming more to his own nature than to the accidents of fortune, approved himself so accomplished and well-bred and so commended himself to Messer Amerigo that he set him free and still believing him to be a Turk, caused baptize him and call him Pietro and made him chief over all his affairs, trusting greatly in him.
*commend oneself to: be to the liking of; be acceptable to (OALD)



第59回

581  全く気ままな綴り方をする 1 a writing system 2a a spelling considered to be correct 2b the principles underlying spelling 3 the study of spelling
   His o□□□□□□aphy is quite capricious.

582 動揺をもたらす 1 violent disturbance; upheaval 2 political insurrection; disorder 3 a confused noise; din
   cause a tremendous c□□□□□□on in the literary world

583 崇拝者 a person devoted to a particular religion or a certain form of religious worship; a person who is devoted to any games, study, pursuit, etc
   love’s v□□□□ies

584 愚かな stupid or senseless; a person of very low intelligence; an extremely stupid person
   an i□□□□□e, silly, self-willed lad 

585 大量の abundant; wordy
   c□□□□□s amounts of food

586 ひどく叱るobjurgate to decry vehemently; to castigate with harsh or violent language: VITUPERATE(WTID)
   o□□□□□□ted the custom of garnishing poems with archaisms – T.R.Weiss

587 敗北 defeat in battle; the state of being disconcerted or abashed (WTID)
   the dis□□□□□□ure of the tribe of Unbelievers

588 豊穣 fruitfulness; fertility; productiveness
   They savoured the grace and f□□□□□□ty of his verses.

589 鳥肌 the erection of hair of the head or body as a result of fear, disease, or cold; goose flesh
   his skin shuddered with h□□□□□□lation

590 キャッキャッ言う to utter or make a thin, sharp, high-pitched cry or sound
    She s□□□□ked for joy and danced and frisked her ears and tail.

中日大辞典(3) どうしたら大辞典に変身できるか

大辞典になる前に、先ずやってもらわなければいけないのが、1回引きである。

同じ意味、同じ日本語訳であっても、中国語の単語が異なれば、その都度、繰り返すことだ。同義語はどこの言語にもあると思う。世界中の外国語辞書が、同じ意味だからあっちを見てくれ、となったら外国語の習得に嫌気がさすに違いない。

他の中国語辞典はどうかというと、手元の辞書に関する限りたらい回しはほとんどない。

大辞典への変身の1

2500ページを一冊に収めることを止めて、1分冊1000ページの5分冊にする。電子辞書が充実している現在、冊子辞書に携帯性はいらない。

変身の2

A4サイズにする。紙質もベージュ色の辞書用紙にする。今のは、紙というより塗膜である。裏の字が黒々と透けて見える。読みづらい。現行は、塗膜でなくては、立方体になるからやむを得ず薄くしているのだろう。1000ページなら、完全に裏面が映らなくはならないかもしれないが大きく改善される。

変身の3

出典を記すこと。現代中国語の範囲であれば、無くても我慢できるが、いやしくも書語を掲載している以上、出典は必要である。成語や故事のみでなく、字そのものの出典もなくてはならない。

英和辞書は、学習辞書でも、主要な単語には語源がついている(例:ウィズダム英和)。大辞典と名がついている新英和大辞典、ランダム大辞典、ジーニアス大英和は初出時期、ラテン語やフランス語の語源、人名までしっかり入っている。

初出と語源のない辞書は大の資格がない。大を戴く以上、不可欠である。

変身の4

語彙数が少ない。聊斎志異は18世紀の作品。これでさえ、今の中日大辞典では読めないのである。シェイクスピアは17世紀、大辞典3冊のどれを選んでも、出ていない単語はない。意味がとれないのは、読む側である私の読解力が足りないでけのこと。

字義が貧弱である。今日の出会いに、「彀」gouがあった。大辞典には「力いっぱい弓を引く」、「矢の届く範囲、「思う壷」、「計略」。

数日前の「加」jia言いつのる(廣漢和)が大辞典にはない。「加える、無いところへ付け加える」、だけ。

「經」jingくびれる、首をくくる(廣漢和)、「経(ひも)で首をくくる」(藤堂漢和)。大辞典はなし。「自」の「自經」で「首つりする」があるのみ。

「誶」 sui 責めののしる(中日大)、つげる、いう(廣漢和)、つげる(藤堂漢和)

「慧轄」huixia 「悪賢い、便利、すばやい」(廣漢和)、大辞典は「機敏で機知に富み、狡猾である」。

いずれも大辞典の意味では文章が通らない。

漢和辞典がなければわずか400年前の作品が読めないのである。

徒然草に出ている言葉が載っていない古語辞典はない。せめて聊斎志異や四大奇書位は読めるような辞書でなければならない。

変身の5

フォントは十分大きくなければならない。親字で20画は問題ないが、字義の20画はルーペが欲しくなる。さすが大修館、印字が鮮明なので救われるが、廣漢和や藤堂漢和に比べると読む疲労感ははっきり自覚できる。

分冊化で、いくらでもページ数は増やせる。一度に数個同時に調べることはない。dなら第何分冊、sなら第何分冊、と使っていくうちに自然に手がその分冊に伸びる。

是非フォントの拡大を願う。

以上の変身が中日大辞典の復活の条件である。

最近、第三版が出たそうな。

5つの変身の一つでも実行されたのか、それとも最近の科学用語・世相用語の“充実”に終わっているのか、知りたいものである。



以下は、参考までに:

慧黠 huixia
群喜珠兒復生,又加之慧黠便利,迥異曩昔。(珠兒)
天馬訳は「りかう」。狡猾ではない。

彀 gou
公清正無私,惟少年好戲。居年餘,偶于廨中梯檐探雀彀,失足而墮,折股,尋卒。(吳令)
雀彀:雀の巣である

經 jing
居三年,家益富。生忽病消渴卒。女哭之痛,淚眼不晴,至絕眠食。勸之不納,乘夜自經。婢覺之,急救以醒,終亦不食。(阿寶)

誶 sui
巫賀曰:「大郎有福哉!菩薩幾十年一入冥司,拔諸苦惱,今適值之。」便誶訥跪。(張誠)
ただ「告げる」で「責め罵る」のではない。
(いずれも聊斎志異巻之二より)


英語の復習 第57回裏・第58回

第57回裏

stark   rowdy   subterfuge   petrified   steerage  sterling   rummage   stupendous  shrill  shuffle

 

Brevald had a bottle of whisky and everyone who came was given a nip. Lawson sat with his little dark–skinned boy on his knees, they had taken his English clothes off him and he was stark, with Ethel by his side in a Mother Hubbard.


The fact is, I was afraid the sounds had followed me, and I knew if I heard them in Seville I’d go on hearing them all my life. I’ve got as much courage as any man, but damn it all, there are limits to everything. Flesh and blood couldn’t stand it. I knew I’d go stark staring mad. I got in such a state that I began drinking, the suspense was so awful, and I used to lie awake counting the days. And at last I knew it’d come. And it came. I heard those sounds in Seville–sixty miles away from Ecija.


‘Isn’t the feel of the water on one’s body lovely?’ she said.
She laughed and opening her hand splashed water in his face. He was so embarrassed he did not know which way to look. In that limpid water it was impossible not to see that she was stark naked. It was not so bad now, but he could not help thinking how difficult it would be to get out. She seemed to be having a grand time.
‘I don’t care if I do get my hair wet,’ she said.


It was in sultry summer weather, and towards evening all of us boys and girls went out for a ramble on the plain, and were about a quarter of a mile from home when a blackness appeared in the south-west, and began to cover the sky in that quarter so rapidly that, taking alarm, we started homewards as fast as we could run. But the stupendous slaty-black darkness, mixed with yellow clouds of dust, gained on us, and before we got to the gate the terrified screams of wild birds reached our ears, and glancing back we saw multitudes of gulls and plover flying madly before the storm, trying to keep ahead of it.


There were two or three pictures of the forest at Fontainebleau and several of streets in Paris: my first feeling was that they might have been painted by a drunken abdriver. I was perfectly bewildered. The colour seemed to me extraordinarily crude. It passed through my mind that the whole thing was a stupendous, incomprehensible farce. Now that I look back I am more than ever impressed by Stroeve's acuteness.
*abdriver: ab- departing from 〈abnormal〉(WTID)


"I suppose," continued the Commissioner, slowly, as one carefully pursues deductions from a new, stupendous theory, "not all of them are tow-headed. It would not be unreasonable, Mr. Ashe, I conjecture, to believe that a portion of them have brown, or even black, hair."


There is no part of the world from whence we may not admire those planets which roll, like ours, in different orbits round the same central sun; from whence we may not discover an object still more stupendous, that army of fixed stars hung up in the immense space of the universe, innumerable suns whose beams enlighten and cherish the unknown worlds which roll round them: and whilst I am ravished by such contemplations as these, whilst my soul is thus raised up to heaven, it imports me little what ground I tread-upon.'
*import: to involve a considerable result (actual or possible); to be important, signify, matter (SOD)



第58回

571 泥を塗ったto dirty; soil
   He s□□□□hed his father’s reputation

572  算を乱しての敗走 1 an overwhelming defeat 2 a disorderly retreat 3 a noisy rabble 4 law a group of three or more people proceeding to commit an illegal act 5 archaic a large party or social gathering 6 to defeat and cause to flee in confusion
   a disorganized r□□t

573  両性花biology an individual animal or flower that has both male and female reproductive organs
   h□□□□□□rodite flowers

574  無気力な若者feeble; weak; ineffectual; irresponsible
   a f□□□□□□s young man who never assumed responsibility

575 血色のよい顔色 reddish; ruddy; rosy
   a r□□□□□□d complexion

576 のんきな女 carefree; indifferent
   an i□□□□□□ant woman

577 泡 foam, froth, or scum
  s□□□e of mist breaking upon the hills

578 肉をずたずたに裂く to tear (the fresh, etc) jaggedly
   l□□□□□te the flesh

579 態度 way of carrying and conducting oneself; manner
   Her m□□n is festal, yet in her smile there is a certain gravity.
   *festal: =festive : appropriate to or characteristic of a holiday, etc; gay; joyful

580 法律を公布する publish; proclaim formally
   p□□□□□□ate a law

中日大辞典(2)追 〔 芪 〕 を引く

今晩は、「芪」を引かなければならなかった。

発音が分からないから、部首索引を開く。

氏も部首にあるが草だろう。

草冠は三画だ。

フンフン、検字表の49番に行きなさい、か。

(ページで表していない、通し番号である)

49番に行く。

氏は四画だ。三画ではない。

四画を見る。

あった。発音はqiの2声。字義がない。あるのは、1435ページにあります。

行きますよ、行けばいいんでしょ。 

親字に〔芪〕があった。

アレレ?

ここにも字義がない!

→〔黄huang耆〕、ただこれだけ。

黄に行けという指示である。

ハッ、かしこまりました。

hだから後戻り。812ページに行く。

〔黄〕はポピュラーな字だけあって、5ページに亘っている。

さて、困った。

私は耆が読めないのである。

私が黄耆にたどり着くためには、二つの方法がある、いや、二つしかない。

一つは、黄の初めの単語から順に追っていく方法。最悪、5ページをくまなく見ることで、たどり着く。

もう一つは、耆を改めて引いて発音を知り、その音の周辺を見る。

×!○!△!□!

いくら温厚で寛大が取り柄となっている私でも、これは我慢の限界である。

たったの1字にどれほど時間を掛けされれば、編纂者は満足するのか。彼は、絶対にサディスト虐待狂である。

単語なんか覚えるな、覚えるなと念じている悪魔である。

中国語を嫌え、嫌えと呪いをかける巫女である。

この大辞典をミソクソにけなす私に非のないことが分かっていただきたいために、人生残り少ない時間を特に割いてこうして公開することになった。


聊斎志異 巻之二  口技

村中來一女子,年十有四五。攜一藥囊,售其醫。有問病者,女不能自為方,俟暮夜問諸神。晚潔斗室,閉置其中。眾繞門窗,傾耳寂聽,但竊竊語,莫敢咳。內外動息俱冥。至半更許,忽聞帘聲。女在內曰:「九姑來耶?」一女子答雲:「來矣。」又曰:「臘梅從九姑耶?」似一婢答雲:「來矣。」三人絮語間雜,刺刺不休。俄聞帘鉤復動,女曰:「六姑至矣。」亂言曰:「春梅亦抱小郎子來耶?」一女曰:「拗哥子!嗚之不睡,定要從娘子來。身如百鈞重,負累煞人。」旋聞女子慇懃聲,九姑問訊聲,六姑寒暄聲,二婢慰勞聲,小兒喜笑聲,貓子聲,一齊嘈雜。即聞女子笑曰:「小郎君亦大好耍,遠迢迢抱貓兒來。」既而聲漸疏,帘又響,滿室俱嘩,曰:「四姑來何遲也?」有一小女子細聲笑曰:「路有千里且溢,與阿姑走爾許時始至。阿姑行且緩。」遂各各道溫涼聲,並移坐聲,喚添坐聲,參差並作,喧繁滿室,食頃始定。即聞女子問病。九姑以為宜得參,六姑以為宜得芪 ,四姑以為宜得術。參酌移時,即聞九姑喚筆硯。無何,折紙戢戢然,拔筆擲帽丁丁然,磨墨隆隆然;既而投筆觸幾,震筆作響,便聞撮藥包裹囌囌然。頃之,女子推帘,呼病者授藥並方。反身入室,即聞三姑作別,三婢作別,小兒啞啞,貓兒唔唔,又一時並起。九姑之聲清以越,六姑之聲緩以蒼,四姑之聲嬌以婉,以及三婢之聲,各有態響,聽 之了了可辨。群訝以為真神。而試其方,亦不甚效。此即所謂口技,特借之以售其術耳,然亦奇矣!

昔王心逸嘗言:在都偶過市廛,聞弦歌聲,觀者如堵。近窺之,則見一少年曼聲度曲。並無樂器,惟以一指捺頰際,且捺且謳,聽之鏗鏗,與弦索無異。亦口技之苗裔也。

付の1.
ちなみに、廣漢和辭典は、下364ページ。〔芪〕qi 草の名。一発で命中。詳しい情報が後が続いている、しかも出典付きで。辞書はこうでなくっちゃ。

付の2.
手持ちのシャープ電子辞書ではほぼゼロ時間。冊子辞書が見捨てられるのも当たり前だ。


中日大辞典(2) 大辞典ではない、コンパクト辞典である

この辞書は、採用語彙が他の中国語辞典より格段に豊富である。

だから、「詳細」は形容してもいいが、「大」には抵抗がある。

講談社中日と大きさは変わらない。コンパクトなのである。

手元の学研漢和大字典はA4サイズである。1600ページではあっても、「大」と称する資格はある。

廣漢和辞典は索引を含めて4冊組みだが「大」はA4サイズながら付いていない。奥ゆかしい。もっとも、全12巻の大辞典が控えているから、遠慮せざるを得ないのかもしれない。

廣漢和や漢和大字典の持つ風格をこの中日大辞典には感じられない。

2500ページのコンパクト辞典である。

無理やり詰め込んだ濃縮型コンパクト辞典である。

惜しい。


英語の復習 第56回裏・第57回

第56回裏

tuck   multifarious   jocular   scrape   writhe   stager   rear   staple   mug    lax


Perhaps, in the train on the way home from the races, he may relax a little. Certainly, if he has backed Cutandrun, he will. For Cutandrun won at ten to one, and his pocket is full of five-pound notes. He feels quite jocular now that the strain is over. He makes puns on the names of the defeated horses. "Lie Low lay low all right," he announces to the compartment, indifferent to the scowls of the man in the corner who had backed it.


I have in mind one brilliant Scottish professor who, whether he is jocular or serious, invariably monologises in the tones of a man condoling with a widow. He half-shuts his eyes and folds his hands, and, for the first minute or two, takes an evil delight in leaving you in doubt whether he is launching into a tragic narrative or whether he will suddenly look up through his spectacles and expect to see you laughing.
*monologise: monologize


I am by nature extremely susceptible of street affronts; the jeers and taunts of the populace; the low-bred triumph they display over the casual trip, or splashed stocking, of a gentleman. Yet can I endure the jocularity of a young sweep with something more than forgiveness. — In the last winter but one, pacing along Cheapside with my accustomed precipitation when I walk westward, a treacherous slide brought me upon my back in an instant. I scrambled up with pain and shame enough — yet outwardly trying to face it down, as if nothing had happened — when the roguish grin of one of these young wits encountered me.
*jeer: to laugh or scoff (at a person or thing); mock
*taunt: 1 to provoke or deride with mockery, contempt, or criticism 2 to tease; tantalize
*populace: (sometimes functioning as plural) 1 the inhabitants of an area 2 the common people; masses
*roguish: dishonest or unprincipled; mischievous arch


The president sprang to his feet and threw his arms akimbo. ‘You are not going to ask me to abrogate a law that has brought peace and plenty to this country. I am of the people and I was elected by the people, and the prosperity of my fatherland is very near my heart. Divorce is our staple industry and the law shall be repealed only over my dead body.’
*akimbo: (with) arms akimbo: with hands on hips and elbows projecting outwards
*repeal: to annul or rescind officially (something previously ordered)


This was at a dance in Portland Place soon after the war. She was then already at the height of her celebrity. You could not open an illustrated paper without seeing in it a portrait of her, and her mad pranks were a staple of conversation. She was twenty–four. Her mother was dead, her father, the Duke of St Erth, old and none too rich, spent most of the year in his Cornish castle and she lived in London with a widowed aunt.


The walls were carefully sounded, and were shown to be quite solid all round, and the flooring was also thoroughly examined, with the same result. The chimney is wide, but is barred up by four large staples. It is certain, therefore, that my sister was quite alone when she met her end. Besides, there were no marks of any violence upon her.
*staple: a short length of stiff wire formed into U-shape with pointed ends, used for holding a hasp to a post, securing electric cables, etc


Genius of Poverty, hampered and straitened as it is, is not so barren of invention but it can trade upon the staple of its own vice, without drawing upon their capital. The poor are not quite such servile imitators as they take them for. Some of them are very clever artists in their way. Here and there we find an original. Who taught the poor to steal, to pilfer? They did not go to the great for schoolmasters in these faculties surely.
*pilfer: to steal (minor items), esp in small quantities



第57回

561 冷たく硬直した sheer; stiff
   s□□□k and cold

562 乱暴な振る舞い tending to create noisy disturbances; rough, loud, or disordery
   r□□□y behavior at school

563 逃げ口上を捜し出す stratagem employed to conceal something, evade an agreement, etc 
   ferret out the last s□□□□□□uge

564 石化した葉 to convert into stone or stony substance (SOD)
   p□□□□□ied leaves

565 三等船客;操舵 the cheapest accommodation on a passenger ship, originally the compartments containing the steering apparatus
   s□□□□□ge passengers

566 すばらしいユーモアのセンス thoroughly excellent
   s□□□□ing sense of humor

567 くまなく探す to search (through) while looking for something, often causing disorder or confusion
   r□□□□□e a room

568 驚くべきニュース astounding
   s□□□□□□ous news

569 女たちの甲高い笑い声 sharp and high-pitched in quality; emitting a sharp high-pitched sound
   the s□□□□l laughter of women

570 よろよろ歩いていた to walk or move (the feet) with a skiw dragging motion
   A sleepy man s□□□□□ed down the street.

英語の復習 第55回裏・第56回

第55回裏

mutinous    transgress    myna    wriggle    trudge  tuberculosis    squander  trap    mope    wretched



Dr Orth had arrived in Petrograd a week before Ashenden and now put before him what he had learned of the situation. It seemed to Ashenden that it was critical and if anything was to be done it must be done quickly. The army was dissatisfied and mutinous, the Government under the weak Kerensky was tottering and held power only because no one else had the courage to seize it, famine was staring the country in the face, and already the possibility had to be considered that the Germans would march on Petrograd.
*totter: 1 to walk or move in an unsteady manner, as from old age 2 to sway or shake as if about to fall 3 to be failing, unstable, or precarious


He was in the diplomatic service in his youth and he knows the world. He has beautiful manners and such an air, you almost feel he’s doing you a favour when he says how d’you do to you. He’s a brilliant talker. Of course he hasn’t a penny, he squandered the little he inherited on gambling and women, but he bears his poverty with great dignity. He acts as though money were something beneath his notice.
*beneath a person’s notice: 一顧の価値もない


When he was young he became a member of an aristocratic club, and there, having charming manners, he was soon the intimate of a number of men with long purses and expensive habits. He learned to play heavily at cards and to squander money on the turf, until he had again and again to come to me and implore me to give him an advance upon his allowance, that he might settle his debts of honour. He tried more than once to break away from the dangerous company which he was keeping, but each time the influence of his friend, Sir George Burnwell, was enough to draw him back again.
*a long purse: 裕福


As a money power a one-millionaire is of small account in a city where the man who cuts your slice of beef behind the free-lunch counter rides to work in his own automobile. But Hedges spent his money as lavishly, loudly and showily as though he were only a clerk squandering a week's wages. And, after all, the bartender takes no interest in your reserve fund. He would rather look you up on his cash register than in Bradstreet.


They had drunk many a bottle of beer in one another’s company, and when the pearl fishers from Port Darwin came in and they all made a night of it, they had got gloriously tight together. The Contrôleur liked the reckless way in which Ginger Ted squandered the priceless treasure of life.
*tight: informal drunk



第56回

551 食べ物 (Brit) an informal or schoolchild’s word for food
   t□□k

552 多方面にわたる社会活動 having many parts of great variety
   m□□□□□□rious social activities

553 滑稽な寸評 waggish; facetious
   j□□□□□r remarks about opera stars

554 泥をすり落とす to remove (a layer) by rubbing
   s□□□□e mud off one’s shoes

555 笑いをこらえて身をよじらす to twist or ssquirm in or as if in pain
   w□□□□e with smothered laughter

556 経験者;老練家 a person of experience; veteran
   s□□□□r

557 家族を養う bring up; foster
   r□□r one's family

558 その国の主産物 of prime importance
   the s□□□□es of the country

559 まぬけ (Brit slang) a gullible person, esp one who is swindled easily
   m□g

560 だらしのない性格の人 lacking firmness; not taunt
   a man of l□x habits


中日大辞典(1)  こんな使いづらい辞書は他にない

私は晴れの日には中国語を3時間、雨の日は、メリー(飼いヤギ)の散歩がない分、いくらか増える。

その9割、少なく見積もっても8割は辞書を引く時間である。

聊斎志異の原文と口語訳。

商務印書店の現代漢語詞典はまったく役に立たない。

講談社中日辞典もまったく役に立たない。

語彙が貧弱なのだ。

前者は識字向上と思想教育を意図した編纂であるからもともと文学には向いていない。

後者は日本人初学者向けの学習辞書だから、これも文学には向かない。

文学に向かないだけであって、価値がないということではない。

さて、この中日大辞典。

収録字数が1万3千余。5千もあれば日常生活に困らないだろうから、古文も守備範囲に入れていることは明らかである。

文学作品を読むためには世話になるようになる。

これと1日2時間半付き合ったらどうるか。1ヶ月続けたらどうなるか。

ストレスが溜まりに溜まる。

なぜか。

ある字を引く。すると、「別の字を引け」が字義の代わりになっている。

例えば、

却説 且説を引け
軍規 軍紀を引け
工蜂 職蜂を引け
破胆 瀉胆を引け
信手 随手を引け

銑 xi xianを引け 
調 tiao  diaoを引け 
横 heng(4声) heng(2声)を引け 
呵 ke  heを引け 
削 xue  xiaoを引け 

ランダムに開いただけでこれだけある。

1ページに1個や2個は必ずある。2500ページだから、5000単語がこんな状態である。あるページをぼんやり眺めると、「引け」⇒マークばかりが目に入る。

辞書ありがたい。引けば、知らない意味がわかるからである。分からないのに引くのは、ただの薄手の紙めくりである。

私がこの辞書を引くときは、心の中で、「忍、忍、忍」と三遍唱える。2度引きの覚悟を決めるためである。

この中日大辞典を本当に引いている人が何人いるか、たぶん持っているだけだろう。引けば引くほど中国語が嫌になる。オークションにタダ同然で出品されるのもうなずける。

私は今、この辞書の代わりに同じ大修館の廣漢和辞典を引くようにしている。これはこれで大欠点があるのだが、大辞典よりマシなので仕方なく使っている。

付:
大修館
中日大辞典 初版 1981年7刷
中日大辞典 増訂第二版 1999年第7刷

中日大辞典の初版は発刊時に直ぐに購入。擦り切れるまで使いました。今のは2代目、オークションでたったの千円也。第二版は、2冊。これも千円と千2百円也。計3冊也。



英語の復習 第54回裏・第55回

第54回裏

mar  mellifluous   mentor   ramification  rant  rebuff   misgiving  wince   perusal   mortify


But her eyes were veiled by some thought he could not guess. She seemed to withdraw into herself so that he was conscious that he knew no more of her than when he had first seen her bathing in the pool. He had an uneasy feeling that she was concealing something from him, and because he adored her it tortured him.
‘You don’t regret Apia, do you?’ he asked her once.
‘Oh, no–I think it’s very nice here.’
An obscure misgiving drove him to make disparaging remarks about the island and the people there. She smiled and did not answer. Very rarely she received a bundle of letters from Samoa and then she went about for a day or two with a set, pale face.
‘Nothing would induce me ever to go back there,’ he said once. ‘It’s no place for a white man.’
*set: to put, form, or be formed into a jelled, firm, fixed, or rigid state


Meadows shining with buttercups, hollows sunned with the marsh marigold held me long at gaze. I saw the sallow glistening with its cones of silvery fur, and splendid with dust of gold. These common things touch me with more of admiration and of wonder each time I behold them. They are once more gone. As I turn to summer, a misgiving mingles with my joy.
*buttercup: キンポウゲ
*hollow: a cavity, opening, or space in or within something; a depression or dip in the land
*marsh marigold: リュウキンカ


Thus we pass on, while both ends of our existence touch upon Heaven! There is (so to speak) 'a mighty stream of tendency' to good in the human mind, upon which all objects float and are imperceptibly borne along; and though in the voyage of life we meet with strong rebuffs, with rocks and quicksands, yet there is 'a tide in the affairs of men,' a heaving and a restless aspiration of the soul, by means of which, 'with sails and tackle torn,' the wreck and scattered fragments of our entire being drift into the port and haven of our desires!
*quicksand: a deep mass of loose wet sand that submerges anything on top of it
*tackle: any mechanical system for lifting or pulling, esp an arrangement of ropes and pulleys designed to lift heavy weights (Nautical発音注意)


The rector could get of her no other answer for that time, but, nowise daunted or disheartened by the first rebuff, solicited her again and again with the most overweening importunity, both by letter and message, nay, even by word of mouth, whenas he saw her come into the church.
*nowise: another word for ‘noway’
*overweening: (of a person) excessively arrogant or presumptuous; (of opinion, appetites, etc) excessive; immoderate
*whenas: 1 archaic a when; whenever b inasmuch as; while 2 obsolete whereas; although



第55回

541 反抗的な労働者たちopenly rebellious or disobedient; difficult to control
   m□□□□□□s workers

542 分別の域を越える go beyond
   t□□□□□□ess the bounds of prudence

543 九官鳥
   m□□a(h)

544 重い足取りでとぼとぼ歩く walk wearily
   t□□□□e with heavy feet

545 体をくねらせて通り抜けた squirm; writhe
   A snake w□□□□□ed through a narrow aperture.

546 結核 a communicable disease caused by infection with the tubercle bacillus, most frequently affecting the lungs
   t□□□□□□losis

547 浪費する spend extravagantly
   s□□□□□er great riches

548 手荷物を荷造りする personal belongings
   puck up one's t□□p

549 ふさぎ込んではいけない dawdle; pass in a dull state
   You must not m□□e yourself.

550 哀れな娘 in a poor or pitiful circumstances
   a w□□□□hed girl


英語の復習 第53回裏・第54回

第53回裏

lavish   intent   lithe   interloper   lecher    licentious    lilt   lark    sack   luscious


It would be unfair to human beings, however, to suggest that they are less lavish with their smiles than they were thirty years or so ago. Everybody--or almost everybody--still smiles. We can hardly stop to talk to a man in the street without a duet of smiles.


Much as men detest new sorts of money in their own country, however, many of us take a childish pleasure on our first arrival in France in handling strange and unfamiliar coins. One of the great pleasures of travel is changing one's money. There is a certain lavishness about the coinage of the Continent that appeals to our curiosity. Even in getting a five-franc piece we never know whether it will bear the emblem of a republic, a kingdom or an empire. Coins of Greece and Italy jingle in our pocket with those of the impostor, Louis Napoleon, and those of the wicked Leopold, King of the Belgians. In Switzerland I remember even getting a Cretan coin, which I was humiliated by being unable to pass at a post office.
*imposter: a person who who deceives others, esp by assuming a false identity; charlatan


They do not mind making their principles odious, provided they can make themselves notorious. To win over the public opinion by fair means is to them an insipid, common-place mode of popularity: they would either force it by harsh methods, or seduce it by intoxicating potions. Egotism, petulance, licentiousness, levity of principle (whatever be the source) is a bad thing in any one, and most of all in a philosophical reformer. Their humanity, their wisdom, is always 'at the horizon.'


It is odd to see how men who take sides with dogma give themselves the airs of men who live for duty, while they regard the more curious among their fellows as licentious, trifling, irreverent and self-indulgent. The truth is, there is no greater luxury than dogma. It puts an eminence under the most stupid. At the same time I am not going to deny the pleasures of curiosity.


After dinner Ferdy was persuaded to play the piano. He only played Viennese waltzes, I discovered later that they were his speciality, and the light, tuneful, and sensual music seemed to accord well with his discreet flamboyance. He played without affectation, with a lilt, and he had a graceful touch. This was the first of a good many dinners I had with him, he would ask me two or three times a year, and as time passed I met him more and more frequently at other people’s houses.



第54回

531 あの広告が風致を損なっている。 spoil or impair
   That billboard m□rs the view.

532 甘美な声 (of sound or utterances) smooth or honeyed; sweet
   a m□□□□□□uous voice

533 相談相手 wise and trusted counselor
   m□□□□r

534 人種の細分化 the act or process of branching out
   the r□□□□□□ation of the human race

535 怠け者の学生を叱りつける scold vehemently; rail
   r□□t at a lazy student

536 人の申し出を拒絶する snub, reject, or refuse
   r□□□□f a person's proposal

537 不安を感じる distrust; apprehension; presentiment
   have or feel m□□□□□□ngs about one's health

538 ~を見てたじろぐ shrink; flinch
   w□□□e at the sight of

539  ~をじっくり読む survey, examination, scrutiny; a reading through or over (SOD)
   be deep in the p□□□□□l of

540 彼の言に屈辱を覚える humiliate
   be m□□□□□ied at or by his remark






津波の恐れがあります

津波は気象庁にとってはありがたい現象である。

ありがたいという意味は、気象庁の役人が、自信をもって予告できるというかれらにとっての意味である。

夕方まで、いつものパターンがテレビで繰り広げられることだろう。

「なんとかプレートとなんとかプレートがどうのこうの」
「震源地はどっち方向で深さはどれくらい」

そして、

「メカニズムはですねぇ、なんじゃ、もんじゃ」

がNHKはじめ、民放全番組でくどいほど図解入りで繰り返されることだろう。

気象庁の役人と大学教授の出番、アナウンサーのお調子、コメンテーターの間抜けた真顔、またどこかの海岸からの気の抜けたビールもどきレポートもあるだろう。

それがなんだっていうのだ。

起きてからメカニズムをいくら解明しても、クソの役にも立たんのじゃ。

皆さん、震度5程度の地震情報をテレビで見た後に、何が残りましたか。

空しさばかり、虚しさばかり。

いい加減にテレビを消して節電に努め、原発推進族を悔しがらせるに如かず。

付:
来ますよというだけで、第1波がいつで、何メートル、第2波は、第3波は、などがあいまいであるのは、50年前から変わっていません。

石巻市 津波注意報

明け方、地震があった。

3.11を経験した私には、別にどうということはなかった。

続いて、行政無線のサイレンが鳴った。それからスマホが鳴った。

地震は頻繁に起きているが、この所、「津波の心配はありません」が続いていたので少し新鮮な気分である。

それからひっきりなしに行政無線が鳴り続けた。

寒さを我慢して、ブラグを外した。

静かになった。

一度聞けば、二度聞く必要はない。

ひっきりなしに行政無線が警報を流しているのは、一度も聞いていない市民がいることを想定しているためで、必要なことである。

坂の中腹に位置している我が家に津波の心配はない。

市街に出る予定もないから、連絡船の欠航の知らせも必要ない。

夕方まで、プラグをはずしたままできた。

静かなものである。

小学生の作文のようで申し訳ないが、地震が起きたあとで書けるのはせいぜいこの程度である。

英語の復習 第52回裏・53回

第52回裏

racy   ponder    rakish    lark   pimple    lash   magnanimous    rapt    lustrous   malaise


My mother I may mention with honour, as still more highly gifted; for though unpretending to the name and honours of a LITERARY woman, I shall presume to call her (what many literary women are not) an INTELLECTUAL woman; and I believe that if ever her letters should be collected and published, they would be thought generally to exhibit as much strong and masculine sense, delivered in as pure "mother English," racy and fresh with idiomatic graces, as any in our language--hardly excepting those of Lady M. W. Montague. These are my honours of descent, I have no other; and I have thanked God sincerely that I have not, because, in my judgment, a station which raises a man too eminently above the level of his fellow-creatures is not the most favourable to moral or to intellectual qualities.


Their career was devoid of adventure, if by adventure you mean unexpected or thrilling incident, for their days were occupied in the pursuit of enough money to get a night's lodging and such food as would stay the pangs of hunger. But I wish I could give here the pictures, coloured and racy, which Captain Nichols' vivid narrative offered to the imagination. His account of their discoveries in the low life of a seaport town would have made a charming book, and in the various characters that came their way the student might easily have found matter for a very complete dictionary of rogues.
*rogue: a dishonest or unprincipled person, esp a man; rascal; scoundrel
 

It was her prose that gained her that body of devoted admirers, fit though few, as with her rare gift of phrase she herself put it that proclaimed her the greatest master of the English language that this century has seen. She admitted herself that it was her style, sonorous yet racy, polished yet eloquent, that was her strong point; and it was only in her prose that she had occasion to exhibit the delicious, but restrained, humour that her readers found so irresistible.


Then he began at the beginning again and read it a second time. He read with increasing malaise, but he was not a stupid man and when he had finished he had a distinct understanding of what it was all about. Part of the book was in free verse, part in conventional metres, but the story it related was coherent and plain to the meanest intelligence. It was the story of a passionate love affair between an older woman, married, and a young man.
*metre: =meter 歩格;格調


And still the wide sea was empty of traffic, so they seemed to traverse an empty world. And now the uneasiness which had descended upon the ship, but which no one had been willing to acknowledge, became a definite malaise. The passengers grew irritable, and people quarrelled over trifles which at another time would have seemed significant.



53回

521 惜しみなく使う extravagant; generous; prolific
   spend one's money with a l□□□□h hand

522 仕事に没頭して steadfastly fixed or directed; concentrated
   i□□□□t on one's job

523 しなやかな仕草で pliant; limber
   She stood up in one l□□□e movement.

524  じゃまになっていると思う an intruder; a person who trades unlawfully
   have the feeling of an i□□□□□□per in the place

525 年寄りの好色、若者のうそつき a promiscuous or lewd man
   Old man l□□□□r, young man lier

526 聖書のみだらな解釈 showing disregard for convention; sexually unrestrained or promiscuous
   l□□□□□□ous interpretation of Scripture

527 浮き浮きした調子の声で a jaunty rhythm; a buoyant motion
   with a l□□t in one's voice

528 山中に潜むゲリラ lie or wait in concealment
   guerrillas l□□king in the mountains

529 解雇を恐れながら暮らした (informal) dismissal from employment
   They lived in terror of the s□□k.

530 味の良いモモ extremely pleasurable; esp to the taste or smell 
   l□□□□□□s peaches


英語の復習 第51回裏・第52回

第51回裏

racking    pucker   pun    pungent    racket    raffle   prowl   lush   rail   jumble


But a cock crew loudly. It must be very late and he was beginning to feel chilly. He got into bed. When Hassan brought him his tea next morning he had a racking headache, and when he went into breakfast he could not look at the porridge and the bacon and eggs which were set before him. Hutchinson too was feeling none too well.


Sometimes by arriving at the station too soon he had caught an earlier train than the one he had meant to, but that was nerve–racking and caused him all the anguish of very nearly missing it.


She had a great command of slang, and, though he could not understand half of it, he was immensely tickled with its picturesque vulgarity. It was pungent of the heated asphalt, the zinc bars of cheap taverns, and racy of the crowded squares in the poorer districts of Paris.


Again he thrust his hand in his pocket and brought out a handful of some crumbling substance that might have been dried leaves, leaves of different sorts, broken and powdery. There was a trace of moisture in them still, for a low flame sprang up immediately at the bottom of the dish, and a thick vapour filled the room. It had a singular and pungent odour that Margaret did not know. It was difficult to breathe, and she coughed. She wanted to beg Oliver to stop, but could not. He took the bowl in his hands and brought it to her.


Everything is worn, dim, vaguely grey; there is a pungent scent of mouldiness; the paint has long ago peeled away from the naked wood of the pillars.


McLeod continued to boast of his bridge and gossip about other people’s health and morals. Miss Atkin continued to backbite. Henry Chester continued to complain that the doctors gave him insufficient attention and railed against fate because, after the model life he had led, it had played him such a dirty trick. Ashenden continued to read, and with amused tolerance to watch the vagaries of his fellow–creatures.


The world has done me no injustice; thank Heaven I have grown wise enough not to rail at it for this! And why should any man who writes, even if he write things immortal, nurse anger at the world's neglect? Who asked him to publish? Who promised him a hearing?


If I had sufficient provocation to rail at the public, as Ben Jonson did at the audience in the Prologues to his plays, I think I should do it in good set terms, nearly as follows:--There is not a more mean, stupid, dastardly, pitiful, selfish, spiteful, envious, ungrateful animal than the Public.


Richard stood up in the cab and looked around. He saw a congested flood of wagons, trucks, cabs, vans and street cars filling the vast space where Broadway, Sixth Avenue and Thirty-fourth street cross one another as a twenty-six inch maiden fills her twenty-two inch girdle. And still from all the cross streets they were hurrying and rattling toward the converging point at full speed, and hurling themselves into the struggling mass, locking wheels and adding their drivers' imprecations to the clamour. The entire traffic of Manhattan seemed to have jammed itself around them. The oldest New Yorker among the thousands of spectators that lined the sidewalks had not witnessed a street blockade of the proportions of this one.
"I'm very sorry," said Richard, as he resumed his seat, "but it looks as if we are stuck. They won't get this jumble loosened up in an hour. It was my fault. If I hadn't dropped the ring we--"
"Let me see the ring," said Miss Lantry. "Now that it can't be helped, I don't care. I think theatres are stupid, anyway."



第52回

511 きびきびした文体 vigorous; sprightly; having a characteristic or distinctive flavour
   a r□□y literary syle

512 問題をよく考えてみる meditate; evaluate
   p□□□er a question

513 淫らな感じのする微笑 dissolute
   a smile with a r□□□□h gleam

514 浮かれて遊ぶ a carefree adventure or frolic
   have a l□□k in Paris

515 にきびだらけだ a small round usually inflamed swelling of the skin
   He has a lot of p□□□□es.

516 鞭打ち20回の刑 a sharp cutting blow from a whip or other flexible object
   He was sentenced to 20 l□□hes.

517 敵に対して寛大である generous and noble; high-minded
   m□□□□□□mous toward one's enemies

518 考え事に耽っている deeply engrossed or absorbed
   r□□t in thought

519 光沢のある絹布 having luster; shining
   l□□□□□□s silk

520 その傾向を大変不快に思う a feeling of unease or depression; a mild sickness
   feel a deep m□□□□□e about the trends


英語の復習  第50回裏・第51回

第50回裏

scathing   listless   purporting   loquacity   lout   quandary   ludicrous   truculent   quench   lop

Captain Nichols noticed Strickland for his size and his singular appearance among the crowd that waited for the doors to open; they waited listlessly, some walking to and fro, some leaning against the wall, and others seated on the curb with their feet in the gutter; and when they filed into the office he heard the monk who read his papers address him in English.
*curb: any enclosing framework, such as as a wall of stones around the top of a well


With my body in one easy-chair and my legs upon another, I had surrounded myself with a cloud of newspapers until at last, saturated with the news of the day, I tossed them all aside and lay listless, watching the huge crest and monogram upon the envelope upon the table and wondering lazily who my friend's noble correspondent could be.


The faculties of the mind, when not exerted, or when cramped by custom and authority, become listless, torpid, and unfit for the purposes of thought or action. Can we wonder at the languor and lassitude which is thus produced by a life of learned sloth and ignorance; by poring over lines and syllables that excite little more idea or interest than if they were the characters of an unknown tongue, till the eye closes on vacancy, and the book drops from the feeble hand!
*sloth: reluctance to work or exert oneself


Once a year, on this festival, the Kokuzo always went to Oba, taking with him a gift of double rice-cakes. At Oba he was met by a personage called the Kame-da-yu, who brought the fire-drill from Kumano and delivered it to the priests at Oba. According to tradition, the Kame-da-yu had to act a somewhat ludicrous role so that no Shinto priest ever cared to perform the part, and a man was hired for it. The duty of the Kame-da-yu was to find fault with the gift presented to the temple by the Kokuzo; and in this district of Japan there is still a proverbial saying about one who is prone to find fault without reason, 'He is like the Kame-da-yu.'
*kame-da-yu: 亀太夫


Walker knew that he was a character and, proud of his reputation, deliberately acted up to it. He was jealous of his ‘legend’ and anxious that you should know the exact details of any of the celebrated stories that were told of him. He was ludicrously angry with anyone who had told them to the stranger incorrectly.
*character: an outstanding person; informal an odd, eccentric, or unusual person


The spy’s manner, which at first had been obsequious, was now somewhat truculent, but he kept his head and never for a moment raised his voice. Ashenden could see that Bernard, however big a ruffian, was a reliable agent, and he made up his mind to suggest to R. that his salary should be raised. The scene diverted him. A little way off two fat citizens of Geneva, with black beards, were playing dominoes, and on the other side a young man with spectacles was with great rapidity writing sheet after sheet of an immensely long letter.



第51回

501 激しい頭痛 to torture; to strain
   a r□□king headache

502 口をすぼめる to draw(the skin, lips, etc) into ridges and furrows (SOD)
   p□□□er up one's lips or the mouth

503 語呂合わせ the use of words or phrased to exploit ambiguities and innuendoes in their meaning, usually for humorous effect
   p□n

504 つんとくる臭い having an acrid smell or sharp bitter flavour
   p□□□□□t smell

505 都会の喧騒を離れて loud noise; clamor
   out of the r□□□□t of a city

506 富くじで車が当たる a lottery in which the prizes are goods rather than money
   get a car in a r□□□□e

507 餌を求めてうろつく rove or go about stealthily
   Wild animals p□□□l at night.

508 水分の多い野菜 luxurious; succulent
   l□□h vegetables

509 失敗を罵る to complain bitterly or vehemently
   r□□l at a person for his failure

510 互いに押し合う to bump or rush someone roughly
   j□□□□e each other

英語の復習 第49回裏・第50回

第49回裏

sublime    protestation   yearling  rowdy    lackadaisical  joshing   proposition   limp  putter   linger


We knew that Summit couldn't get after us with anything stronger than constables and maybe some lackadaisical bloodhounds and a diatribe or two in the _Weekly Farmers' Budget_. So, it looked good.


They ask me what news there is, and stare if I say I don't know. If a new actress has come out, why must I have seen her? If a new novel has appeared, why must I have read it? I, at one time, used to go and take a hand at cribbage with a friend, and afterwards discuss a cold sirloin of beef, and throw out a few lackadaisical remarks, in a way to please myself, but it would not do long.
*cribbage: a game of cards for two to four, in which players try to win a set number of points before their opponents. Often shortened to crib


For nearly two years I believe that I read no book, but one; and I owe it to the author, in discharge of a great debt of gratitude, to mention what that was. The sublimer and more passionate poets I still read, as I have said, by snatches, and occasionally. But my proper vocation, as I well know, was the exercise of the analytic understanding. Now, for the most part analytic studies are continuous, and not to be pursued by fits and starts, or fragmentary efforts. Mathematics, for instance, intellectual philosophy, &c,, were all become insupportable to me; I shrunk from them with a sense of powerless and infantine feebleness that gave me an anguish the greater from remembering the time when I grappled with them to my own hourly delight; and for this further reason, because I had devoted the labour of my whole life, and had dedicated my intellect, blossoms and fruits, to the slow and elaborate toil of constructing one single work, to which I had presumed to give the title of an unfinished work of Spinosa's--viz., De Emendatione Humani Intellectus.
*grapple: 1 to come to grips with (one or more persons), esp to struggle in hand-to-hand combat 2 to cope or contend


It is very restful to give up all effort at observing human nature and drawing social and political deductions from trifles, and to let oneself relapse into wide-mouthed worship of the wonders of nature. And this is very easy at Niagara. Niagara means nothing. It is not leading anywhere. It does not result from anything. It throws no light on the effects of Protection, nor on the Facility for Divorce in America, nor on Corruption in Public Life, nor on Canadian character, nor even on the Navy Bill. It is merely a great deal of water falling over some cliffs. But it is very remarkably that. The human race, apt as a child to destroy what it admires, has done its best to surround the Falls with every distraction, incongruity, and vulgarity. Hotels, powerhouses, bridges, trams, picture post-cards, sham legends, stalls, booths, rifle-galleries, and side-shows frame them about. And there are Touts. Niagara is the central home and breeding-place for all the touts of earth. There are touts insinuating, and touts raucous, greasy touts, brazen touts, and upper-class, refined, gentlemanly, take-you-by-the-arm touts; touts who intimidate and touts who wheedle; professionals, amateurs, and _dilettanti_, male and female; touts who would photograph you with your arm round a young lady against a faked
background of the sublimest cataract, touts who would bully you into cars, char-à-bancs, elevators, or tunnels, or deceive you into a carriage and pair, touts who would sell you picture post-cards, moccasins, sham Indian beadwork, blankets, tee-pees, and crockery, and touts, finally, who have no apparent object in the world, but just purely, simply, merely, incessantly, indefatigably, and ineffugibly to tout. And in the midst of all this, overwhelming it all, are the Falls. He who sees them instantly forgets humanity. They are not very high, but they are overpowering. They are divided by an island into two parts, the Canadian and the American.
*moccasin: a shoe of soft leather, esp deerskin, worn by North American Indians
*indefatigable:unable to be tired of; unflagging
*ineffugible: in-effusive(?)


第50回

491 その劇についての容赦ない批評 harshly critical; scornful
   a s□□□□ing review of the play

492 気のない握手 indifferent; languid
   a l□□□□□□s handshake

4933 公式のものと称する文書 profess; claim
   a document p□□□□□ting to be official

494 口数の多いのが大嫌い talkativeness
   She is an enemy to l□□□□□□ty.

495 無骨者;田舎者 a crude or oafish person; boor
   l□□t

496 困惑して a situation or circumstance that presents problems difficult to solve
    in a qu□□□□□y

497 おかしな出来事 absurd or incongruous to the point of provoking ridicule or laughter
   a l□□□□□□us incident

498 辛辣な批評 scathing
   his t□□□□□□nt criticism of her work

499 喉の渇きを癒す to satisfy (one’s thirst, desires, etc)
   His thirst for adventure was qu□□□hed.

500 枝を落とす cut off; chop
   cut down a small tree and l□p the branches off


英語の復習  第48回裏・第49回

第48回裏

scour   ire   ribald   jerk   promiscuous   jib    wince    quip     kirk  laborious


Colonel Parsons had done the greater portion of his service creditably enough. He had always put his God before the War Office, but the result had not been objectionable; he looked upon his men with fatherly affection, and the regiment, under his command, was almost a model of propriety and seemliness. His influence was invariably for good, and his subordinates knew that in him they had always a trusty friend; few men had gained more love. He was a mild, even-tempered fellow, and in no circumstance of life forgot to love his neighbour as himself; he never allowed it to slip his memory that even the lowest caste native had an immortal soul, and before God equal rights with him. Colonel Parsons was a man whose piety was so unaggressive, so good-humoured, so simple, that none could resist it; ribaldry and blasphemy were instinctively hushed in his presence, and even the most hardened ruffian was softened by his contact.


He had had numberless adventures, commonplace and sordid, with the women of the island and he described them with a pride in his own prowess which was an offence to Mackintosh’s fastidious ears. He was a gross, sensual old man. He thought Mackintosh a poor fellow because he would not share his promiscuous amours and remained sober when the company was drunk.


It did not take her long to discover that Jack Carr wanted her. She was excited. She’d never been promiscuous, but in all those years she’d been on the stage naturally there’d been episodes. You couldn’t hardly have put up with being on tour month after month if you didn’t have a bit of fun sometimes.


I arrived a little late, which is almost inevitable when you live so near the house you are going to that it is not worth while to take a taxi, and the room into which I was shown was filled with people. I knew few of them and my heart sank as I saw myself laboriously making conversation through a long dinner with two total strangers. It was a relief to me when I saw Thomas and Mary Warton come in and an unexpected pleasure when I found on going in to dinner that I had been placed next to Mary.


Nature could charm, she could enchant me, and her wordless messages to my soul were to me sweeter than honey and the honeycomb, but she could not take the sting and victory from death, and I had perforce to go elsewhere for consolation. Yet even so, in my worst days, my darkest years, when occupied with the laborious business of working out my own salvation with fear and trembling, with that spectre of death always following me, even so I could not rid my mind of its old passion and delight.
*perforce: by necessity; unavoidably



第49回

481 卓越した天才 of high moral, aethetic, intellectual, or spiritual value
   a s□□□□□e genius

482 抗議しないまま折れた the act of protesting; a strong declaration 
   He gave away without p□□□□□□ation

483 当歳の being a year old; an animal one year old or in its second year
   a ye□□□□□g child

484 乱暴な振る舞い tending to create noisy disturbances; rough, loud, or disorderly
   r□□□y behavior at school  

485 彼は怠け者だ lacking vitality and purpose; lazy or idle, esp in a dreamy way
   He is a l□□□□□□isical fellow.

486 わがれ声でひやかす声 chaff; to tease someone in a bantering way
   the hoarsely j□□hing voices

487 提案 a proposal or topic presented to consideration
   the p□□□□□□tion of a plan for a new school

488 のろのろと進んだ walk lamely; falter
   The old car l□□ped along at a snail's pace.

489 ひねくりまわしている to busy oneself in a desultory though agreeable manner
   p□□□□r over a task

490 暫く残っていた remain; stay on; remain alive
   We l□□□□□ed awhile after the party.

英語の復習 第47回裏・第48回

第47回裏

pretentious   ripple  jalousie  prickly   lassitude prim  ruffian  propinquity  irascible  ember


There cannot be anything much worse than to be despised by the one person whose approval is all in all to you; and though Thomas Warton was tolerable it was impossible not to feel sorry for him. But if I have given the impression that Mary was a discontented, rather tiresome, pretentious woman I have been unjust to her. She was a loyal friend and a delightful companion. You could talk to her of any subject under the sun. Her conversation was humorous and witty. Her vitality was immense.

‘God knows I loved you. For eight years I worshipped the ground you trod on. You were everything to me. I believed in you as some people believe in God. When I saw the fear in your eyes that day, when you told me that you weren’t going to risk your life for a kept woman and her half–caste brats, I was shattered. It was as though someone had wrenched my heart out of my body and trampled on it. You killed my love there and then, Alban. You killed it stone–dead. Since then when you’ve kissed me I’ve had to clench my hands so as not to turn my face away. The mere thought of anything else makes me feel physically sick. I loathe your complacence and your frightful insensitiveness. Perhaps I could have forgiven it if it had been just a moment’s weakness and if afterwards you’d been ashamed. I should have been miserable, but I think my love was so great that I should only have felt pity for you. But you’re incapable of shame. And now I believe in nothing. You’re only a silly, pretentious, vulgar poseur. I would rather be the wife of a second–rate planter so long as he had the common human virtues of a man than the wife of a fake like you.’
*kept woman: censorious a woman maintained by a man as his mistress
*poseur: a person who strikes an attitude or assumes a pose in order to impress others


No one, looking at that neat, prim face, could have thought him capable of an unconventional action.


Octavia sprang up lithely, and deposited a smart kiss on the delicate cheek of the prim little elderly maid.


The eyes of men are idly bent on him that enters next, so idly did we bend our eyes upon one another, when the chief performers in the morning’s pageant had vanished. None told his tale. None sipt her glass. The poor Admiral made an effort — it was not much. I had anticipated so far. Even the infinity of full satisfaction, that had betrayed itself through the prim looks and quiet deportment of his lady, began to wane into something of misgiving. No one knew whether to take their leaves or stay. We seemed assembled upon a silly occasion.
*deportment: the manner in which a person behaves, esp in physical bearing
*sipt: past tense of sip(obsolete) Simple past tense and past participle of sip (Wiktionary)



第48回

471 鍋釜をこすって磨く to clean or polish (a surface) by washing an rubbing, as with abrasive cloth
   s□□□r pots and pans

472 主人を怒らせる anger; wrath
   arouse the i□e of the master

473 野卑な振る舞い vulgar; indecent; licentious
   r□□□□d behavior

474 綱をぐいと引く to throw, twist, pull, or push something abruptly or spasmodically 
   give the rope a j□□k

475 相手構わずの indulging in casual and indiscriminate sexual relationships
   p□□□□□□uous

476 二の足を踏んだ to be reluctant; hold back
   He j□□bed at the stiff climb.

477 ~を見てたじろぐ shrink; flinch
   w□□□e at the sight of

478 気の利いた言い回し clever or witty remark
   qu□ps and cranks

479 スコットランド・北英教会 a Scot word for church; a Scottish church
   k□□k

480 手間のかかる容易でない手順 involving great exertion or long effort
   a slow, l□□□□□□us process

米大統領選 民主主義ならクリントンが大統領だ

今日、ネットを見たら、100万票、クリントンの方が多いとのこと。

仮に投票総数が1億票なら、1%の差。

統計学的には誤差の範囲かもしれないが、敷居が設けられている選挙では、1億分の1の1が物を言う。

囲碁で言えば、半目残るかどうかである。

日本のねじれは、大統領選のようなイエスかノーでないが、1票の格差に現れている。

違憲状態と裁判所から叱られても、やっていますのジェスチャーだけ。5減だの6減だの、一桁ちがうのではないか。

泥棒に縄。猫に鈴。

日本は自力で格差の解消はしない。

アメリカがやって、それを真似るパターンしか考えられない。

クリントン支持者に不満がでているのはアメリカ選挙民の政治意識が日本の選挙民より高いからである。

ただの不満に終わらず、大統領選の制度そのものの改革に昇華して欲しい。

惰眠を貪る日本人に再び黒船のショックを与えて欲しい。

他力本願だが仕方がない。


付:
議会制民主主義は表面上の民主主義であって、不合理が発見される度に修正する必要があります。国勢調査の人口に応じて、代議士の割り振りが実施されねばなりません。いつまでたっても、小手先の操作に終始している国会議員のギルドは民主主義の敵です。皮肉でもなんでもありません。

英語の復習 第46回裏・第47回

第46回裏

rash  predicament   jetty   indulgent   raucous   loaf  wield  pugnacious   shrew   raw

Ashenden had in him, it seems, a strain of flippancy (on account of which, indeed, the critics had often reproached him) and as he stood for a moment outside the door his predicament appeared to him on a sudden rather droll. His spirits went up and he determined to brazen the thing out.
*flippant: 1 marked by inappropriate levity; frivolous or offhand 2 impertinent; saucy 3 obsolete talkative or nimble


My friend's appearance suggested that he was now in the same predicament, and I prepared myself to cultivate an agreeable acquaintance. The society of beach-combers always repays the small pains you need be at to enjoy it.
*beach-comber: a person who searches shore debris for anything of worth, esp a vagrant living on a beach


"The situation is one that has taxed the endurance of much older men than you--in fact, especially much older men than you. I will try to relieve you from it, and this night. You shall see for yourself into exactly what predicament you have fallen, and how you shall, possibly, be extricated. There is no evidence so credible as that of the eyesight."


The town-captain, who was a man of worth, learning this and knowing that Giannole, whom he had in prison, was Bernabuccio's son and therefore the lady's own brother, determined indulgently to overpass the offence committed by him and released with him Minghino and Crivello and the others who were implicated in the affair.
*overpass: now rare 2 to pass over, through, or across 3 to exceed 4 to get over 5 to ignore


It was Henry Garnet’s habit on leaving the city of an afternoon to drop in at his club and play bridge before going home to dinner. He was a pleasant man to play with. He knew the game well and you could be sure that he would make the best of his cards. He was a good loser; and when he won was more inclined to ascribe his success to his luck than to his skill. He was indulgent, and if his partner made a mistake could be trusted to find an excuse for him.


Since everyone is interested in crime it was inevitable that sooner or later, with Ned there, the conversation should turn upon it. It was after dinner and we were sitting comfortably in the drawing–room with drinks in our hands.
‘Had any interesting cases at the Scrubs lately, Ned?’ I asked him.
‘No, nothing much.’
He had a high, rasping voice and his laugh was a raucous cackle.
*scrub: 1 a vegetation consisting of stunted trees, bushes, and other plants growing in an arid area 2 an area of arid land covered with such vegetation
*rasping: (esp of a noise) harsh or grating; rough


The Ceratophrys croaks when angry, and as it is the most truculent of all batrachians it works itself into a rage if you go near it. Its first efforts at chanting or singing sounds like the deep, harsh, anger-croak prolonged, but as the time goes on they gradually acquire, night by night, a less raucous and a louder, more sustained and far-reaching sound.
*ceratophrys: ツノガエル属
*truculent: 1 defiantly aggressive, sullen, or obstreperous 2 archaic savage, fierce, or harsh
*batrachian: 両生類



第47回

461 自惚れ屋 full of pretense or pretension
   a p□□□□□□ious man

462 引き返す to go back over again, especially in the reverse direction
They r□□□□□ced their steps.

463 簾式日除け a window blind or shutter constructed from angled slats of wood, plastic, etc
   j□□□□□□e

464 棘だらけのイラクサ stinging or tingling
   p□□□□□y nettles

465 疲労感 physical or mental weariness
   a feeling of l□□□□□□de

466 どこか取り澄ました調子で  neat; formal
   She spoke in a slightly p□□m way.

467 破廉恥なごろつき a violent or lawless person; hoodlum or villain
   an unprincipled r□□□□□n

468 近さ;近親 nearness in place or time; nearness of relationship
   p□□□□□□uity

469 癇癪持ちの老人 easy provoked to anger; irritable
   an i□□□□□□le old man

470 燃えさしa glowing piece of coal, wood, peat, etc. from a fire; especially, such a piece smoldering among ashes (WTID)
   e□□□rs of his love

英語の復習 第45回裏・第46回

第45回裏

jovial   suave   languish   pokey poky    languor  predispose  stricture   presage  lank   presumption


And this day was Harvey Maxwell's busy day. The ticker began to reel out jerkily its fitful coils of tape, the desk telephone had a chronic attack of buzzing. Men began to throng into the office and call at him over the railing, jovially, sharply, viciously, excitedly. Messenger boys ran in and out with messages and telegrams. The clerks in the office jumped about like sailors during a storm. Even Pitcher's face relaxed into something resembling animation.
*ticker: 1 slang a the heart b a watch 2 a person or things that ticks 3 stock exchange the US word for tape machine
*jerky: characterized by jerks; spasmodic
*fitful: characterized by or occuring in irregular spells


With old ladies he was bland; with sportsmen slangy; with yokels he was broadly humorous; and with young people aggressively juvenile. But above all, he wished to be manly, and cultivated a boisterous laugh and a jovial manner.
*yokel: disparaging (used chiefly by townspeople) a person who lives in the country, esp one who appears to be simple and old-fashioned
*juvenile: young, youthful, or immature
*boisterous: 1 noisy and lively; unrestrained or unruly 2 (of the wind, sea, etc) turbulent or stormy


Mr. Dryland came forward and shook hands with James in an ecclesiastical and suave manner, trying to be dignified, as behoved a rejected lover in the presence of his rival, and at the same time cordial, as befitted a Christian who could bear no malice.
*ecclesiastical: of or relating to the Christian Church


"Oh, it won't do--really it won't," said Holmes suavely. "There is no possible getting out of it, Mr. Windibank. It is quite too transparent, and it was a very bad compliment when you said that it was impossible for me to solve so simple a question. That's right! Sit down and let us talk it over."


Dinner was at seven, and, wishing to be in the dining–room before anyone else so that he could take stock of his fellow–guests as they entered, he went down as soon as he heard the bell. It was a very plain, stiff, white–washed room, with chairs of the same shiny pitch–pine as in his bedroom, and on the walls were oleographs of Swiss lakes. On each little table was a bunch of flowers. It was all neat and clean and presaged a bad dinner. Ashenden would have liked to make up for it by ordering a bottle of the best Rhine wine to be found in the hotel, but did not venture to draw attention to himself by extravagance (he saw on two or three tables half–empty bottles of table hock, which made him surmise that his fellow guests drank thriftily), and so contented himself with ordering a pint of lager.
*oleograph: a chromolithograph printed in oil colours to imitate the appearance of an oil painting
*hock: 1 any of several white wines from the German Rhine 2 (not in techincal usage) any dry white wine



第46回

451 無謀な若者 acting without due consideration or thought 
   a r□□h young man

452 苦境に置かれる a perplexing, embarassing, or difficult situation 
   be placed in a p□□□□□□ment

453 突堤港 a structure built from a shore out into the water to direct currents or protect a harbour
   a j□□□y harbor

454 子供を甘やかす親 kind or lenient, often to excess
   an i□□□□□□nt parent

455 耳障りな声 harsh; strident; grating
   a r□□□□□s voice

456 半分のパン portion of bread or cake
   Half a l□□f is better than none.

457 権力を正しく行使した to handle or use (a weapon, tool, etc) 2 to exert or maintain (power or authority) 3 obstinate to rule
   He w□□□□ed his power justly.

458 喧嘩好きの readily disposed to fight; belligerent
   p□□□□□□ous

459 じゃじゃ馬 a bad-tempered or mean-spirited woman
   s□□□w

460 冷たく湿った空気 disagreeable dump and cold
   the cold r□w air






NHK国会中継 参議院TPP特別委員会

白内障の術後検査のため、眼科医を訪ねた。

連絡船を降りて直ぐにタクシーに乗る。9時少し前に着く。受付を済ませて、ベンチに座ると、ちょうど国会中継が始まる所。9時開会。

自民党代議士が質問に立つ。音量が極端に低くセットされているので、テレビの下に席を移動する。

安倍総理の答弁:

我が国が戦後の荒廃から世界第三位の経済大国になれたのは、「自由貿易によるものであります」、「自由貿易によるものであります」、何回も繰り返した。

自民党の質問者が「それは違う」と反論するはずがないから、代わって私が反論する。

経済大国になったのは、

一つ

輸出奨励策と輸入抑制策という二つの政策を強烈に推めたからである。

40年前、私が輸入商社で働いた時の輸入敵視は今もはっきり覚えている。先ず、輸入許可申請書を作る。担保金を銀行に預ける。認可が下りるまでの時間は1週間、嫌がらせの時間である。申請書に1字でも間違いがあれば、突っ返される。その場で、訂正はできない。許可が降りても、輸出側の事情で納期に間に合わないと、担保金(輸入代金の1%~3%)は没収、国庫行きとなる。半年が期限で、それを超えそうになると、輸入延長許可願いを提出する。

輸出はといえば、大手商社は知らないが、多くの中小商社の入口には、通産大臣の印付きの「貴社、輸出貢献大なるによりここに褒め称える云々」の表彰状が掛けてあった。

輸出奨励と輸入抑圧は、一般人は知らなくても、首相が知らないとなると非常識の謗りは免れない。

一つ

外貨持ち出し制限があった。確か250か300米ドルだったと思う。いくらなんでもこれで出張はできない。ヤミドルが必要になる。このヤミドルは銀行が用意してくれた。当然高いレートである。外貨保有高は国富の指標とされていた時代だ。

一つ

お隣朝鮮半島の戦争とベトナム戦争の特需がトリガーとなって日本経済に弾みがついたのは、常識である。人の不幸が幸いしたようなものだ。これは歴史認識以前の事実である。

一つ
工場の現場はともかく、貿易部門の人員は、夜9時まで残って働くのは普通であった。アメリカ、カナダ、欧州と時差を利用して、テレタイプを電話代わりに使うためには、定時退社は放棄しなければならない。残業手当など無論ない。華やかな女子社員が抜けた後の夜の殺風景なオフィスで、パチパチテレタイプのテープに穴を開ける作業ほど、味気ないものはない。

その頃は、メーカーの輸出部門に転職していて、中南米が相手だった。週に1回、スペイン人にスペイン語を社費で習った。初めは、夜6時に来てもらって、2時間のレッスンを受けた。

直ぐに7時に伸してもらった。6時は仕事の真っ最中で、誰もレッスンに参加しないのである。8時をお願いしたら、向こうが嫌だと言った。やむを得ず、7時のままにしたが、集まりが悪く、結局1年を待たずに取りやめとなった。

かのスペイン講師、残業している我々を眺めて、いつも言っていた。

日本の経済復興と経済成長は、

!No es miraglo! (It is not a miracle!)

当時、経済成長を日本人は奇跡だ、奇跡だと自画自賛していたし、賞賛する外国の経済評論家のチョウチン本が飛ぶように売れていた。

ミラクルでも何でもない、これだけ個人生活を犠牲にして働けば、成長するのは当たり前、と言ったのである。

・・・・

国会中継は幸いに、高校生諸君は見ないから、間違った考えはもたないだろうが、朝からテレビを見るヒマ人の中に安倍首相のこの発言を信じる者がいるかもしれないので、一言申し上げる。


付の1.
自由貿易はアメリカが実行したもの。片方が鎧兜(よろいかぶと)で身を固めているのに、片方が相撲スタイルの装いでリングに上がったのだから、相撲側の不利は当然。為替相場を固定性から変動性に日本がいつまでたってもしないものだから、しびれをきらしたニクソンは、自国ドルを操作して、貿易自由化の一歩を日本に踏み出させた。
トランプの言っていることは、日本が採り続けた保護政策である。驚くことは何もない。

付の2.
定時退社とは言え工場現場の真剣さ・緊張感を実感したのは、ずっと後、現場でラインに就いて働いた後のことである。がむしゃらだったのは、商社部門だけではなかった。

付の3.
細かい所に勘違いや思い違いがあるかもしれない。確かめてからアップしなければならないほどのものではないからよしとする。

英語の復習 第44回裏・第45回

第44回裏

muddle   rum   inquest   plaintive   cogent   poise   leer  precarious   rickety   precept



I saw him in the part of Douglas, and he seemed almost like 'some gay creature of the element,' moving about gracefully, with all the flexibility of youth, and murmuring AEolian sounds with plaintive tenderness.


And always between these long, sweet calls I hear a plaintive whistle, one long note first, then two short ones in another key. It is the whistle of the amma, the poor blind woman who earns her living by shampooing the sick or the weary, and whose whistle warns pedestrians and drivers of vehicles to take heed for her sake, as she cannot see. And she sings also that the weary and the sick may call her in.
'Amma-kamishimo-go-hyakmon!'
*按摩上下五百文


She is not placed under any severe discipline or restrictions; she takes no special vows; she risks no dreadful penalties for ceasing to remain a virgin. But her position being one of high honour, and a source of revenue to her family, the ties which bind her to duty are scarcely less cogent than those vows taken by the priestesses of the antique Occident.


To have narrated this according to the original intention would have far exceeded the space which can now be allowed. It is fortunate, as such a cogent reason exists for abridging it, that I should, on a maturer view of the case, have been exceedingly unwilling to injure, by any such unaffecting details, the impression of the history itself, as an appeal to the prudence and the conscience of the yet unconfirmed opium-eater--or even (though a very inferior consideration) to injure its effect as a composition.


Iris was a nice girl. She had been brought up with the knowledge that her mother’s health was precarious. As a child she had never been allowed to make a noise. She had always realized that her mother must on no account be upset.


Could the position of any toiling man be more precarious than mine? I tremble now as I think of it, tremble as I should in watching some one who walked carelessly on the edge of an abyss. I marvel at the recollection that for a good score of years this pen and a scrap of paper clothed and fed me and my household, kept me in physical comfort, held at bay all those hostile forces of the world ranged against one who has no resource save in his own right hand.




第45回

441 陽気に大声で話す having or expressing convivial humour
   talk loudly in j□□□□l manner

442 洗練された態度 smoothly agreeable or polite
   s□□□e manners

443 チューリップがしおれた to lose or diminish in strenght or energy
   The tulips l□□□□□□hed in broiling weather.

444 ぐずな運転手 puttering; slow; dull
   p□□□y drivers

445 ひどい倦怠 physical or mental laziness or weariness
   the awful l□□□□□r of routine

446 ~する素地を植えつける (often foll by to or towards) to incline or make (someone) susceptible to something beforehand
   p□□□□□□ose a person to do

447 酷評する a severe criticism; censure
   pass s□□□□□□res on

448 危険の予感がする presentment; foreboding
   have a p□□□□ge of danger

449 ひょろひょろと高くて葉のない木 long and limp
   l□□k leafless trees

450 反論のしようもない確信 a belief or assumption based on reasonable evidence
   an irrefutable p□□□□□□tion

英語の復習 第43回裏・第44回

第43回裏

indomitable   prognosis   infatuation   rodomontade  potential  prattle   injudicious  innate   mottle   inkling



By night the Rue Chartres is now but a murky fissure, from which the groping wayfarer sees, flung against the sky, the tangled filigree of Moorish iron balconies. The old houses of monsieur stand yet, indomitable against the century, but their essence is gone. The street is one of ghosts to whosoever can see them.
*fissure: a cleft or crack
*filigree: delicate, lacelike ornamental work of intertwined wire of gold, silver, etc.


The child is born Shinto. Home teaching and school training only give expression to what is innate: they do not plant new seed; they do but quicken the ethical sense transmitted as a trait ancestral. Even as a Japanese infant inherits such ability to handle a writing-brush as never can be acquired by Western fingers, so does it inherit ethical sympathies totally different from our own.
*Shinto: a principal religion of Japan 神道


The faculty for myth is innate in the human race. It seizes with avidity upon any incidents, surprising or mysterious, in the career of those who have at all distinguished themselves from their fellows, and invents a legend to which it then attaches a fanatical belief.


There was no other hotel of that name in Paris. It occurred to me that Strickland had concealed his address, after all. In giving his partner the one I knew he was perhaps playing a trick on him. I do not know why I had an inkling that it would appeal to Strickland's sense of humour to bring a furious stockbroker over to Paris on a fool's errand to an ill-famed house in a mean street. Still, I thought I had better go and see.


"I think you're detestable. You're the most loathsome beast that it's ever been my misfortune to meet. Why do you seek the society of someone who hates and despises you?"
"My dear fellow, what the hell do you suppose I care what you think of me?"
"Damn it all," I said, more violently because I had an inkling my motive was none too creditable, "I don't want to know you."
"Are you afraid I shall corrupt you?"
His tone made me feel not a little ridiculous. I knew that he was looking at me sideways, with a sardonic smile.




第44回

431 答えをごっちゃにする jumble; make muddy
   m□□□□e up the answers

432 変わったやつ (brit slang) strange; peculiar; odd
   a r□m fellow

433 最後の審判 any inquiry or investigation 
   the great i□□□□□t

434 哀調を帯びた旋律 expressing sorrow or melancholy
   a p□□□□□□ve melody

435 人を納得させる理由 compelling belief or assert; forcefully convincing
   a c□□□□t reason

436 平衡を失う state of balance or equilibrium
    lose one's p□□□e

437 いやらしい目つきで見ていた to give an oblique, sneering, or suggestive look or grin
   He was l□□□ing at the girls as the passed.

438 不安定な生計 uncertain; unstable; insecure
   a p□□□□□□ous livelihood

439 がたがたの椅子 (likely to collapse)
   a r□□□□□y chair

440 実例は教訓に勝る moral injunction; maxim
   Example is much strong than p□□□□□t.

英語の復習 第42回裏・第43回

第42回裏

sate   podgy   pudgy   insistent   insinuate   poignant   obsequious  incumbent   strait   jubilation   piteous


It gives you just that thrill, with a little catch at the heart, that you have when at night in the forest the silence trembles on a sudden with the low, insistent beating of a drum.


He still tried to excuse himself, but finding everyone insistent, went at last, with very bad grace, to the piano. He not only sang badly, but knew it, and was irritated that he should be forced to make a fool of himself.


It was not, I think, till my eighth year that I began to be distinctly conscious of something more than this mere childish delight in nature. It may have been there all the time from infancy — I don’t know; but when I began to know it consciously it was as if some hand had surreptitiously dropped something into the honeyed cup which gave it at certain times a new flavour. It gave me little thrills, often purely pleasurable, at other times startling, and there were occasions when it became so poignant as to frighten me. The sight of a magnificent sunset was sometimes almost more than I could endure and made me wish to hide myself away. But when the feeling was roused by the sight of a small and beautiful or singular object, such as a flower, its sole effect was to intensify the object’s loveliness. There were many flowers which produced this effect in but a slight degree, and as I grew up and the animistic sense lost its intensity, these too lost their magic and were almost like other flowers which had never had it. There were others which never lost what for want of a better word I have just called their magic, and of these I will give an account of one.


Brevald, who had been ingratiating and obsequious, now treated him with contempt. Ethel had made a bad bargain. There were disgraceful scenes and once or twice the two men came to blows.


The Japanese, with their obsequious smile, are neat and trim in white duck, while their women walk a step or two behind them, in native dress, with a baby on their backs. The Japanese children, in bright coloured frocks, their little heads shaven, look like quaint dolls.


Ashenden went back into the room and immediately the dark eyes of the dying woman fixed upon him. He felt that it was incumbent upon him to say something, but as he spoke he reflected on the foolish way in which one speaks to the sick.
‘I’m afraid you’re feeling very ill, Miss King.’
It seemed to him that a flash of anger crossed her eyes and Ashenden could not but imagine that she was exasperated by his futile words.
‘You do not mind waiting?’ asked the doctor.
‘Of course not.’



第43回

421 屈の勇士 (of courage,pride, etc.) difficult or impossible to defeat or subdue 
   an i□□□□□□able worrier

422 予後;予知 a prediction of the course or outcome of a disease or disorder
   p□□□□□□is

423 盲目的情熱に近づいていた all-absorbing passion
   His feeling verged on i□□□□□□tion.

424 大法螺 a boastful words or behaviour
   r□□□□□□tade

425 安全を脅かしかねない危険 a possible but not yet actual
   a p□□□□□□al danger to safety

426 ぺちゃくちゃしゃべり続けた chatter
   She kept p□□□□ling on.

427 軽率な決定 unwise; imprudent
   an i□□□□□□ious decision

428 持って生まれた繊細さ existing in a person or animal from birth; congenital
   the i□□□□e delicacy in him

429 茶色の斑点のある翼 to colour with streaks or blotches of different shades
   the wings m□□□□ed with brown

430 ~に薄々感づく vague idea or notion
   get an i□□□ing of

英語の復習 第41回裏・第42回

第41回裏

invention    lewd     muck   perverse    incommode    jaunt    petulant    obstinate    plausible  obnoxious


The three men appeared to be smoking and the fire was dying down. Now was the time that Ginger Ted’s lewd thoughts might be expected to turn to the woman who was at his mercy. She smothered a cry, for suddenly he got up and walked in her direction. She felt all her muscles grow taut, and though her heart was beating furiously she clenched the scalpel firmly in her hand. But it was for another purpose that Ginger Ted had got up. Miss Jones blushed and looked away.
*smother: to be or cause to be suppressed or stifled
*taut: 1 tightly stretched; tense 2 showing nervous strain; stressed


They were accompanied by four or five girls and a dozen children. Soon they were all splashing about, shouting and laughing, while Walker, in a _lava-lava_, swam to and fro like an unwieldy porpoise. He made lewd jokes with the girls, and they amused themselves by diving under him and wriggling away when he tried to catch them. When he was tired he lay down on a rock, while the girls and children surrounded him; it was a happy family; and the old man, huge, with his crescent of white hair and his shining bald crown, looked like some old sea god.
*lava-lava: a draped skirtlike garment of printed cotton or calico worn by Polynesians


The appearance of the couple was so fantastic in that fashionable crowd, the men in dinner jackets, the women in thin, pale–coloured frocks, that many eyes were turned on them. The staring did not seem to incommode the old lady. When she felt certain persons were looking at her she raised her eyebrows archly, smiled and rolled her eyes. She seemed on the point of acknowledging applause.


Invalids have no right whatever to talk petulantly of the natural changes of the sky; Nature has not THEM in view; let them (if they can) seek exceptional conditions for their exceptional state, leaving behind them many a million of sound, hearty men and women who take the seasons as they come, and profit by each in turn.



第42回

411  好奇心を満たす to satisfy (a desire or appetite) fully
   s□□e one's curiosity

412  丸く太った指 short and fat or thick
   an infant's p□□□y (p□□□y) fingers

413  執拗な要求 persistent; pertinacious
   i□□□□□□nt demands

414  引っ越して欲しいそぶりを示した to hint; suggest
   She i□□□□□□ted that I should move elsewhere.

415  心痛む悔恨 keenly distressing
   p□□□□□□t regret

416  上役におもねる男 obedient or attentive in an ingratiating or servile manner
   a man o□□□□□□ous to his superiors

417  私に課せられている責任 morally binding or necessary; obligatory
   a duty i□□□□□□nt upon me

418  財政的苦境 position of difficulty
   financial s□□□□ts

419  大喜びも束の間だった a feeling of great joy and celebration
   Their j□□□□□□ion didn't last long.

420  助けを求める悲しげな声 exciting or deserving pity; having or expressing pity
   p□□□□□s cries for help

北方四島 経済ミッション

領土返還の謝礼として、ロシアに経済協力をすることにしたらしい。返還が公表されていない現在、あくまでも「らしい」である。

ただ、経済ミッションが組まれて、活動し始めたという事実は確かだから、返還も確かなことであろう。返還なしに、ただで協力するはずがない。

果たして、そうだろうか。

返還があろうがなかろうが、経済協力はする。

この協力は、日本の大手商社数社とゼネコンへの発注の形をとる。

規模は外野席ではサインを読み取れないが、カネだけ出して、そのカネを、ロシアがフリーハンドで欧州に高速鉄道を発注したり、中国の橋梁会社に橋を発注できることはない。

受注先は、日本の企業である。

政府は、値切るようなケチはしない。大いに儲かる事業が目白押しとなる。

大手商社やゼネコンは、うるおいを独り占めにしない。下請け、孫請けと潤いは広がる。

アベノミクス、ご覧の通りと胸を張れる。

平和条約は千載一遇の儲けのチャンスである。

返還はなくても平和条約は締結される。

主権が日本にあることは平和条約に明記されるだろう。

ただし、但し書き、返還の時期に関しては、今後とも隣国の誼をもって引き続き交渉する、という但し書きを付けてのことである。

それがなんだというのだ。

実際に、旧島民や地主が戻れる時期が記されなければ、条約なぞ紙に墨汁である。

首脳会談に向けて、ますます明るいムードが広がっているようだが、私は今も、返還はないと思っている。

2島と言わず、1島でも返還時期が確定したら、私はブログで政治を扱わない。

恥ずかしくて扱えない。

おとなしく辞書でも引いて楽しむことに専念する。

英語の復習 第40回裏・第41回

第40回裏

wile   tremulous   jowl   quiescent lumbago   maul   tuft   intermediary  prankish  intervene
 

The favourite shape assumed by the goblin fox for the purpose of deluding mankind is that of a beautiful woman; much less frequently the form of a young man is taken in order to deceive some one of the other sex. Innumerable are the stories told or written about the wiles of fox-women. And a dangerous woman of that class whose art is to enslave men, and strip them of all they possess, is popularly named by a word of deadly insult--kitsune.
*kitsune: 狐


It is well, also, for him to hold himself discreetly in the background, giving his guests the pleasure of clinching the jape, and seeking only, by innocent wiles, to draw each one into some characteristic and felicitous vein.
*jape: a jest or joke


‘Yes. There’s no reason why she shouldn’t live very comfortably, if not to a ripe old age, as long as any sensible person wants to live. The disease is quiescent. If she marries, if she attempts to live an ordinary life, the foci of infection may very well light up again, and what the results of that may be no one can foretell. ’
*foci: alternative plural of focus
*focus: a part of the body where an infection is localized or most active (Web’s College)


After the first spasm of terror I knew I was perfectly safe, that he would not turn upon me so long as I remained quiescent, and would presently be gone from sight.


‘Please don’t fuss me, mother. I really can’t stand being mauled about.’



第41回

401 全くの作り事だ something fabricated; lie
   The whole story is a pure i□□□□□□on.

402 淫らな言葉 characterized or intended to excite crude sexual desire; obscene
   l□□d language

403 泥だらけになっている manure; filth; dirt
   be in a m□□k

404 ひねくれた気持ち persistently holding to what is wrong; wayward or contrary
   a p□□□□□□e mood

405 迷惑した to bother, disturb, or inconvenience
   His late arrival i□□□□□□ded us.

406 週末旅行に出掛ける a short pleasurable excursion
   embark on a weekend j□□□t

407 苛立たしそうに顔を上げる irritable, impatient, or sullen in a peevish or capricious way
   look up with a p□□□□□□t air

408 頑固な気性だ firmly or perversely adhering
   He is of an o□□□□□□te temper.

409 もっともらしい言い訳 seemingly worthy of approval
   a p□□□□□□le excuse

410 うるさい小僧 objectionable; offensive; extremely unpleasant
   an o□□□□□ous little brat


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