Fair is foul, and foul is fair – Macbeth Act 1 SceneⅠ・・・きれいはきたない、きたないはきれい

英語の復習 第118回裏・第119回


ablution    unman    chronic    mendicant    ambush    nibble    facetious    whirl    dissonant    upbraid

‘What’s your name?’ he asked suddenly. I told him.
‘Mine’s Robert Morrison.’
‘Glasgow. I’ve been in this blasted country for years. Got any baccy?’
I gave him my pouch and he filled his pipe. He lit it from a piece of burning charcoal.
‘I can’t stay any longer. I’ve stayed too long. Too long.’
He had an impulse to jump up again and walk up and down, but he resisted it, clinging to his chair. I saw on his face the effort he was making. I judged that his restlessness was due to chronic alcoholism. I find drunks very boring, and I made up my mind to take an early opportunity of slipping off to bed.
‘I’ve been managing some olive groves,’ he went on. ‘I’m here working for the Glasgow and South of Spain Olive Oil Company Limited.’
‘Oh, yes.’
‘We’ve got a new process for refining oil, you know. Properly treated, Spanish oil is every bit as good as Lucca. And we can sell it cheaper.’
He spoke in a dry, matter–of–fact, business–like way. He chose his words with Scotch precision. He seemed perfectly sober.
*baccy: Brit an informal name for tobacco
*grove: a small wooded area or plantation

‘Are you proposing to marry him?’ I asked.
‘I leave myself in his hands. I want to do nothing that he does not wish.’
She spoke with so much simplicity, there was something so touching in her self–surrender, that when she left me I no longer felt angry with her. Of course I thought her very foolish, but if the folly of men made one angry one would pass one’s life in a state of chronic ire. I thought all would come right. She said Gerry was romantic. He was, but the romantics in this workaday world only get away with their nonsense because they have at bottom a shrewd sense of reality: the mugs are the people who take their vapourings at their face value. The English are romantic; that is why other nations think them hypocritical;
they are not: they set out in all sincerity for the Kingdom of God, but the journey is arduous and they have reason to pick up any gilt–edged investment that offers itself by the way. The British soul, like Wellington’s armies, marches on its belly. I supposed that Gerry would go through a bad quarter of an hour when he received Margery’s letter. My sympathies were not deeply engaged in the matter and I was only curious to see how he would extricate himself from the pass he was in. I thought Margery would suffer a bitter disappointment; well, that would do her no great harm, and then she would go back to her husband and I had no doubt the pair of them, chastened, would live in peace, quiet, and happiness for the rest of their lives.

He left me and I still had no notion who he was or where I had met him. I had noticed one curious thing about him. Not once during the few sentences we exchanged, when we shook hands, or when with a nod he left me, did even the suspicion of a smile cross his face. Seeing him more closely I observed that he was in his way good–looking; his features were regular, his grey eyes were handsome, he had a slim figure; but it was a way that I found uninteresting. A silly woman would say he looked romantic. He reminded you of one of the knights of Burne–Jones though he was on a larger scale and there was no suggestion that he suffered from the chronic colitis that afflicted those unfortunate creatures. He was the sort of man whom you expected to look wonderful in fancy dress till you saw him in it and then you found that he looked absurd.
*colitis: (med) inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon (OALD): inflammation of the colon (Collins)

You’ve never shown me your room, Betty,’ he said.
‘Haven’t I? Come in and have a look now. It’s rather nice.’
She turned back and he followed her in. It was over the drawing–room and nearly as large. It was furnished in the Italian style, and as is the present way more like a sitting–room than a bedroom. There were fine Paninis on the walls and one or two handsome cabinets. The bed was Venetian and beautifully painted.
‘That’s a couch of rather imposing dimensions for a widow lady,’ he said facetiously.
‘It is enormous, isn’t it? But it was so lovely, I had to buy it. It cost a fortune.’
His eye took in the bed–table by the side. There were two or three books on it, a box of cigarettes, and on an ash–tray a briar pipe. Funny! What on earth had Betty got a pipe by her bed for?
‘Do look at this cassone. Isn’t the painting marvellous? I almost cried when I found it.’
‘I suppose that cost a fortune too.’
‘I daren’t tell you what I paid.’
* cassone: a large Italian chest having a hinged lid and open decorated with carving or painting (WTID)

‘We shall be there in five minutes now.’
He put on his hat and took down from the racks the things the porter had put in them. He looked at her with shining eyes and his lips twitched. She saw that he was only just able to control his emotion. He looked out of the window, too, and they passed over brightly lighted thoroughfares, close packed with tram–cars, buses, and motor–vans, and they saw the streets thick with people. What a mob! The shops were all lit up. They saw the hawkers with their barrows at the kerb.
‘London,’ he said.
He took her hand and gently pressed it. His smile was so sweet that she had to say something. She tried to be facetious.
‘Does it make you feel all funny inside?’
‘I don’t know if I want to cry or if I want to be sick.’

‘I’m glad we had them,’ said the consul, dancing with Mrs Hamlyn. ‘I’m all for democracy, and I think they’re very sensible to keep themselves to themselves.’
But she noticed that Pryce was not to be seen, and when an opportunity presented asked one of the second–class passengers where he was.
‘Blind to the world,’ was the answer. ‘We put him to bed in the afternoon and locked him up in his cabin.’
The consul claimed her for another dance. He was very facetious. Suddenly Mrs Hamlyn felt that she could not bear it any more, the noise of the amateur band, the consul’s jokes, the gaiety of the dancers. She knew not why, but the merriment of those people passing on their ship through the night and the solitary sea affected her on a sudden with horror. When the consul released her she slipped away and, with a look to see that no one had noticed her, ascended the companion to the boat deck. Here everything was in darkness. She walked softly to a spot where she knew she would be safe from all intrusion.


1181  The quality or fact having comparatively little weight (SOD): tendency to treat serious matters without respect; lack of seriousness (OALD)
Hydrogen … rises in the air on account of its l□□□□y. (SOD)

1182  taking what fortune brings; carefree
She goes through in a h□□□y-go-l□□□y fashion.

1183  make known (sth secret)
d□□□□□e the source of one’s information

1184  a type of large pick that has one end of its blade shaped like adze, used for loosing soil, cutting roots, etc

1185  to approach and speak to; greet first, before being greeted; solicit
I was a□□□□ted by a begger/a prostitute

1186  draw away sb’s attention from sth
The noise in the street d□□□□□□ted me from my reading.

1187  child who stays away from school without good reason: wandering; idle
play t□□□□t from school
He is supposed to be at the meeting, but is playing t□□□□t.

1188  not severe (esp in punishing people); to soften, alleviate
l□□□□□t parents/judge
He tended to be l□□□□□t toward the children.

1189  hard, usu green stone, carved into ornaments, etc
a long string of imitation j□□e

1190  young insignificant person who intrudes upon people and behaves as he were important

英語の復習   第117回裏・第118回


adolescence   ogle   askance   jabber   nimble   filch   devilish   trough   chancellery   tinsel

The swing of his nature took him from extreme languor to devouring energy; and, as I knew well, he was never so truly formidable as when, for days on end, he had been lounging in his armchair amid his improvisations and his black-letter editions. Then it was that the lust of the chase would suddenly come upon him, and that his brilliant reasoning power would rise to the level of intuition, until those who were unacquainted with his methods would look askance at him as on a man whose knowledge was not that of other mortals. When I saw him that afternoon so enwrapped in the music at St. James's Hall I felt that an evil time might be coming upon those whom he had set himself to hunt down.

Your successes, your reputation, which you think would please them, as justifying their good opinion, are coldly received, and looked at askance, because they remove your dependence on them: if you are under a cloud, they do all they can to keep you there by their goodwill: they are so sensible of your gratitude that they wish your obligations never to cease, and take care you shall owe no one else a good turn; and provided you are compelled or contented to remain always in poverty, obscurity, and disgrace, they will continue your very good friends and humble servants to command, to the end of the chapter.

But yet he made shift to do on such wise that neither Bentivegna nor any of his neighbours suspected aught; and the better to gain Mistress Belcolore's goodwill, he made her presents from time to time, sending her whiles a clove of garlic, which he had the finest of all the countryside in a garden he tilled with his own hands, and otherwhiles a punnet of peascods or a bunch of chives or scallions, and whenas he saw his opportunity, he would ogle her askance and cast a friendly gibe at her; but she, putting on the prude, made a show of not observing it and passed on with a demure air; wherefore my lord priest could not come by his will of her.
*punnet: a small basket for fruit, such as strawberries
*chive: a small Eurasian purple-flowered alliaceous plant
*scallion: any of various onions or similar plants, such as the spring onion, that have a small bulb and long leaves and are eaten in salads. Also called green onion

I was a hypochondriac lad; and the sight of a boy in fetters, upon the day of my first putting on the blue clothes, was not exactly fitted to assuage the natural terrors of initiation. I was of tender years, barely turned of seven; and had only read of such things in books, or seen them but in dreams. I was told he had run away. This was the punishment for the first offence. — As a novice I was soon after taken to see the dungeons. These were little, square, Bedlam cells, where a boy could just lie at his length upon straw and a blanket — a mattress, I think, was afterwards substituted — with a peep of light, let in askance, from a prison-orifice at top, barely enough to read by. Here the poor boy was locked in by himself all day, without sight of any but the porter who brought him his bread and water — who might not speak to him; — or of the beadle, who came twice a week to call him out to receive his periodical chastisement, which was almost welcome, because it separated him for a brief interval from solitude:— and here he was shut up by himself of nights, out of the reach of any sound, to suffer whatever horrors the weak nerves, and superstition incident to his time of life, might subject him to. This was the penalty for the second offence. — Wouldst thou like, reader, to see what became of him in the next degree?
*hypochondria: chronic abnormal angxiety concerning the state of one’s health, even in the absence of any evidence of disease on medical examination
* dungeon: a close prison cell, often underground


1171  ceremonial washing of the hands or the body, esp as an act of religion
perform one’s a□□□□□□ns

1172  deprive of the qualities considered characteristic of a man
The news of his friend’s death u□□□□ned him for a while.

1173  (of a disease or condition) continual, lasting for a long time
c□□□□□c rheumatism

1174  getting a living by asking for alms, or as a begger
a m□□□□□□□t frier
m□□□□□□□t orders

1175  (the placing of) troops, etc, waiting to make a surprise attack
fall into an a□□□□h

1176  take tiny bites; (fig) show some inclination to accept (an offer); a small bite
fish n□□□□ing (at) the bait
I felt a n□□□□e at the bait.

1177  humorously teasing or mocking; fond of, marked by, inappropriate or bitter joking
a f□□□□□□us young man

1178  move quickly round and round
The wind w□□□led the dead leaves about

1179  not harmonious; harsh in tone
d□□□□□□nt and loud voices

1180  scold; reproach
The military tribunal u□□□□□ded the soldier for his cowardice.

英語の復習 第116回裏・第117回


caterpillar   impunity   bilge    relevant   effete   nincompoop   celerity   strut   discretion   rent/rend

He too much affected that dangerous figure — irony. He sowed doubtful speeches, and reaped plain, unequivocal hatred. — He would interrupt the gravest discussion with some light jest; and yet, perhaps, not quite irrelevant in ears that could understand it. Your long and much talkers hated him. The informal habit of his mind, joined to an inveterate impediment of speech, forbade him to be an orator; and he seemed determined that, no one else should play that part when he was present.

This may not explain the connection between eggs and Easter. But then neither does _The Encyclopedia Britannica_. I have looked up both the article on eggs and the article on Easter, and in neither of them can I find anything more relevant than such remarks as that "the eggs of the lizard are always white or yellowish, and generally soft-shelled; but the geckos and the green lizards lay hard-shelled eggs" or "Gregory of Tours relates that in 577 there was a doubt about Easter." In order to learn something about Easter eggs one has to turn to some such work as _The Dictionary of Phrase and Fable_, which tells us that "the practice of presenting eggs to our friends at Easter is Magian or Persian, and bears allusion to the mundane egg, for which Ormuzd and Ahriman were to contend till the consummation of all things." The advantage of reading _Tit-Bits_ is that one gets to know hundreds of things like that. The advantage of not reading _Tit-Bits_ is that one is so ignorant of them that a piece of information of this sort is as fresh and unexpected as the morning's news every Easter Monday. Next Easter, I feel sure, I shall look it up again. I shall have forgotten all about the mundane egg, even if Ormuzd and Ahriman have not. I shall be thinking more about my breakfast egg. What a piece of work is a man! And yet many profound things might be said about eggs, mundane or otherwise. I wish I could have thought of them.
*mundane: everyday; ordinary; or banal
*tid-bit: =titbit: 1 a tasty small piece of food; dainty 2 a pleasuring scrap of anything, such as scandal

"I am glad of all details," remarked my friend, "whether they seem to you to be relevant or not."

It is idle to talk to us of "the Greeks." The people we mean when so naming them were a few little communities, living under very peculiar conditions, and endowed by Nature with most exceptional characteristics. The sporadic civilization which we are too much in the habit of regarding as if it had been no less stable than brilliant, was a succession of the briefest splendours, gleaming here and there from the coasts of the Aegean to those of the western Mediterranean. Our heritage of Greek literature and art is priceless; the example of Greek life possesses for us not the slightest value. The Greeks had nothing alien to study--not even a foreign or a dead language. They read hardly at all, preferring to listen. They were a slave-holding people, much given to social amusement, and hardly knowing what we call industry. Their ignorance was vast, their wisdom a grace of the gods. Together with their fair intelligence, they had grave moral weaknesses. If we could see and speak with an average Athenian of the Periclean age, he would cause no little disappointment--there would be so much more of the barbarian in him, and at the same time of the decadent, than we had anticipated. More than possibly, even his physique would be a disillusion. Leave him in that old world, which is precious to the imagination of a few, but to the business and bosoms of the modern multitude irrelevant as Memphis or Babylon.
*sporadic: 1 occuring at irregular points in time; intermittent 2 scattered; isolated


1161  period of life between childfood and maturity; growth during this period; the quality of being youthful

1162  look at (suggesting lust or longing)
o□□ing all the pretty girls

1163  look at with suspicion: with a side glance
He looked a□□□□□e at my offer.
The kids were eyeing him a□□□□□e.

1164  talk excitedly; talk in what seems to be a rapid and confused manner
j□□□□r (out) one’s prayers
have a j□□□□r with

1165  quick-moving; (of the mind) sharp; quick to understand
as n□□□□e as a goat
a n□□□□e mind

1166  pilfer; steal (sth of small value)
a cat f□□□hing a piece of fish
f□□□h ashtrays from fancy restaurants

1167  wicked;cruel: (colloq) extreme
a d□□□□□□h plot
d□□□□□□h hot

1168  long, open (usu shallow) box for animals to feed or drink from ;(in the sea, etc) long hollow between two waves
The bows crushed down into the t□□□□h.

1169  chancellor’s position, department or residence

1170  glittering metalic substance made in sheets, strips and threads: having sham splendor
trim a Christmas tree with t□□□□l


guava : (topical tree with) pink edible fruit surrounded by a light yellow outer skin

topical treeって何なんだ?



無論 tropical である。今日の英語の復習、第115回裏はtropical にしてある。


付1: Revised and updated 1984
付2: Color Oxfordにきれいな写真が載っています。偉大なるかなColor Oxford!

英語の復習   第115回裏・第116回


shimmer   neurotic  dissemble  intrepid   ransack  eye-opener  plume  dole  entrance  scabbard

Captain Brunot was a Breton, and had been in the French Navy. He left it on his marriage, and settled down on a small property he had near Quimper to live for the rest of his days in peace; but the failure of an attorney left him suddenly penniless, and neither he nor his wife was willing to live in penury where they had enjoyed consideration. During his sea faring days he had cruised the South Seas, and he determined now to seek his fortune there. He spent some months in Papeete to make his plans and gain experience; then, on money borrowed from a friend in France, he bought an island in the Paumotus. It was a ring of land round a deep lagoon, uninhabited, and covered only with scrub and wild guava. With the intrepid woman who was his wife, and a few natives, he landed there, and set about building a house, and clearing the scrub so that he could plant cocoa-nuts. That was twenty years before, and now what had been a barren island was a garden.
*consideration: estimation; esteem
*guava: (tropical tree with) pink edible fruit surrounded by a light yellow outer skin

Enough: my soul, turn from them, and let me try to regain the obscurity and quiet that I love, 'far from the madding strife,' in some sequestered corner of my own, or in some far-distant land! In the latter case, I might carry with me as a consolation the passage in Bolinbroke's _Reflections on Exile,_ in which he describes in glowing colours the resources which a man may always find within himself, and of which the world cannot deprive him:-- 'Believe me, the providence of God has established such an order in the world, that of all which belongs to us the least valuable parts can alone fall under the will of others. Whatever is best is safest; lies out of the reach of human power; can neither be given nor taken away. Such is this great and beautiful work of nature, the world. Such is the mind of man, which contemplates and admires the world, whereof it makes the noblest part. These are inseparably ours, and as long as we remain in one we shall enjoy the other. Let us march therefore intrepidly wherever we are led by the course of human accidents. Wherever they lead us, on what coast soever we are thrown by them, we shall not find ourselves absolutely strangers. We shall feel the same revolution of seasons, and the same sun and moon will guide the course of our year. The same azure vault, bespangled with stars, will be everywhere spread over our heads. There is no part of the world from whence we may not admire those planets which roll, like ours, in different orbits round the same central sun; from whence we may not discover an object still more stupendous, that army of fixed stars hung up in the immense space of the universe, innumerable suns whose beams enlighten and cherish the unknown worlds which roll around them: and whilst I am ravished by such contemplations as these, whilst my soul is thus raised up to heaven, it imports me little what ground I read-upon.'
*sequester: to retire into seclusion
*bespangle: to cover or adorn with or as if with spangles

There is another branch of this character, which is the trifling or dilatory character. Such persons are always creating difficulties, and unable or unwilling to remove them. They cannot brush aside a cobweb, and are stopped by an insect's wing. Their character is imbecility, rather than effeminacy. The want of energy and resolution in the persons last described arises from the habitual and inveterate predominance of other feelings and motives; in these it is a mere want of energy and resolution, that is, an inherent natural defect of vigour of nerve and voluntary power. There is a specific levity about such persons, so that you cannot propel them to any object, or give them a decided _momentum_ in any direction or pursuit. They turn back, as it were, on the occasion that should project them forward with manly force and vehemence. They shrink from intrepidity of purpose, and are alarmed at the idea of attaining their end too soon. They will not act with steadiness or spirit, either for themselves or you. If you chalk out a line of conduct for them, or commission them to execute a certain task, they are sure to conjure up some insignificant objection or fanciful impediment in the way, and are withheld from striking an effectual blow by mere feebleness of character. They may be officious, good-natured, friendly, generous in disposition, but they are of no use to any one.
*inveterate: long established, esp so as to be deep-rooted or ingrained
*momentum: 1 physics the product of a body’s mass and its verocity 2 the impetus of a body resulting from its motion 3 driving power or strength


1151  larva of a butterfly or moth; endless belt passing over toothed wheels
c□□□□□□llar tractor

1152  freedom from punishment
with great i□□□□□□y

1153  almost flat part of a ship’s bottom, inside or outside; the dirty water that collects in a ship’s bottom

1154  connected with what is happening, being discussed, done, etc
have all the r□□□□□□t documents ready
Her personal history is r□□□□□□t to her novels.

1155  exhausted; weak and worn out
e□□□□e civilizations/empires

1156  foolish, weak-minded person; simpleton
compellled to veto for dummies and n□□□□□□oops - G.B.Show (WTID)

1157  quickness; swiftness
act with c□□□□□□y

1158  piece of wood or metal inserted in a frame work; brace; prop

1159  being discreet; prudence; freedom to act according to one’s own judgment
Use your d□□□□□□ion.
It is within in your own d□□□□□□ion.

1160  penetrate; tear or pull violently
a country r□□t (in two) by civil war.
a racial problem which is r□□ding the nation